Occur primarily from informational complications;
incorrect or unfinished data, either within the mind or within the workplace.
Occur mostly from motivational influences and are formed
by mindsets, social standards and background culture.
The probability of errors can be reduced by providing the correct
Violations can only be reduced by changing beliefs,
attitudes, social norms and organizations cultures that tacitly condone (or
even encourage) violations in order to get the job done.
Around the ordinary span of working life, error proneness
is mostly independent of demographic influences such as gender and age.
The tendency to violate is noticeably connected to gender
and age. Young males violate, old ladies normally do not.