‘Animation’ a broad range of practices in today’s world.

‘Animation’ is a term that is used to define a broad range of practices in today’s world. It takes form in different genres capturing imaginations and we can see that animation is present everywhere from big screens to small screens (Mobile phones). The idea of Illusion of motion created through the incremental movement of forms or drawings displayed sequentially as a motion picture is where the world of animation began to emerge and expand.Animation began with 2D animation that typically employs a series of hand-drawn images or painted images, Stop motion animation that consists of pictures of puppets or other objects that are modified in position or form of movement over time and 3D animation which is digitally produced with images simulating deep space. For centuries, people have made many contributions and inventions to the development of motion pictures. Some of these inventions or techniques survived until the 20th century while the others had a relatively shorter existence. Even though some of them are considered to be a failure at the time, I believe that these techniques were a part of forming a bridge to what animation is today.  Animation can give life to any being which no other art form can. This made animation interesting and unique. Animation was developing its own aesthetic language with each technique invented. With each development, however, Disney moved further from the plasmatic flexibility and started to coerced the animation form into a neo-realist practice. Animation now had the power to transport the viewer to endless possibilities.As animation began to grow as an art, the expectation of what animation was began to increase. Even though there were many people and companies producing animation in various fields, Disney was the one company that established what animation is and raised the standards to a higher level with each work they produced. Disney’s 9 old men came up with the 12 basic principles of animation that made understanding of animation a bit easier. In olden days 100s of animators had to work on a single production with expensive and bulky equipments. Studios had very little room for experimentation and most of the animation productions did not make money. The definition of what animation was capable of seemed to be unattainable without a good budget. All animated movies are built on and driven by passion. It takes more than 4 years to create a 90-minute movie with around 130,000 frames. Played in over 45 languages, regardless of the country and culture, the audience enjoy every bit of the movie and the theatre is filled with the universal language of laughter and emotions.  Illustrators back in those days were panicking when photography came into existance because that was replacing the work of an illustrator and getting replaced with this technology was easy as technology started evolving. In animation, there is no pre-visualized set of rules and different kinds of movies can be made with extraordinary visuals.Technology has now created magical doors for the artists by providing a number of tools that allow the artists to elicit emotions in a much more realistic way and they can now create a stunning world in 3D with things like sparkling fire, splashing water, flowing hair that was very difficult or almost impossible in the earlier days.With new softwares developing every day, animation is now seeing a new age of accessibility and innovation. It can now be created and used by everyone around the world. As a result of this, the big studios are forced to adapt and innovate to compete with the new wave of creative freedom born with the age of technology.In today’s world, no matter who you are or where you are from, you have access to the unlimited possibilities of storytelling. Technology will develop further and further each day becoming more powerful and affordable. With technology forever evolving, it appears that animation is at the best it has ever been. It is now a golden age for animation with more possibilities to give life to one’s imagination.Will there be a point when computers can no longer cope up with the extreme details? The 20th century introduced something that revolutionized humanity forever and of course, animation. That is the ‘internet’. It changed lives and a whole new world of excitement was beginning. Internet increased the international distributions, it increased the reach of software to everybody. Thus, animation started to reach the audience through different modes and softwares.  There was no need to rely on big studios. As technology evolved, there were more and more studious coming up with excellent work in animation.Animation can now be created with just softwares instead of things like scanning papers, scanners, ink, paint which were essential for the animation on olden days. The moving images began as animation in the 17th century with the Magic lantern. This technology used a concave mirror in back of the light source to direct light as much as possible through a small rectangular sheet of glass that was called a “lantern slide”. Image was projected on this and onward into a lens at the front of the Magic lantern. The lens was adjusted to optimally focus the plane of the slide at the distance of the projection screen, which usually was a white wall where it formed an enlarged image of the slide on the screen. 

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