Answers nodding head and smiling as a greeting with



    There are three main races in
Peninsular Malaysia, Namely Chinese, Indian, and Malay or Melayu.  The most important Malaysian demographic
statistics are of ethnicity: 60 percent are classified as Malay, 25
percent as of Chinese descent, 10 percent of Indian descent, and 5 percent
as others. Nearly all the world religions, including Islam, Buddhism,
Hinduism, and Christianity are present in Malaysia. Religion correlates
strongly with ethnicity, with most Muslims Malay, most Hindus Indian, and
most Buddhists Chinese. The presence of such diversity heightens the
importance of religious identity, and most Malaysians have a strong sense
of how their religious practice differs from that of others (therefore a
Malaysian Christian also identifies as a non-Muslim). Religious holidays,
especially those celebrated with open houses, further blend the
interreligious experience of the population. Tension between religious
communities is modest. The government is most concerned with the practices
of the Muslim majority, since Islam is the official religion (60 percent
of the population is Muslim). The government regulates religious policy
for Malaysia’s Muslims, while the local mosque organizes opportunities for
religious instruction and expression. Outside these institutions, Islam
has an important part in electoral politics as Malay parties promote their
Muslim credentials. Hindu, Christian, and Buddhist clergy often have a
presence in Malaysian life through cooperative ventures, and their joint
work helps to ameliorate their minority status. Religious missionaries
work freely proselytizing to non-Muslims, but evangelists interested in
converting Muslims are strictly forbidden by the state.

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(Citation)  There
are many races and religions in Malaysia. Every race or religions have their
own beliefs and customs to follow. All of the Malaysians are able to live
together in a harmony multicultural living environment as they want to achieve
peace and unity by respecting each others’ beliefs and customs.Although handshakes
are generally enough for both men and women, some of the Muslim ladies may also
agree with using nodding head and smiling as a greeting with a gentleman. For
Muslims, the way to greet with

           each others is “Salam” and
it has the same meaning with a handshake. A younger person usually offers the “Salam”
by taking hold of the hands of the elder people. Then, that’s usually followed
by a verbal greeting “Assalamualaikum”, which means that ‘peace be
upon you’. For a non-Muslim, they should know that in Islam, physical contact
between the opposite sex is not allowed. So, when a non-Muslim is offering a handshake
to a member of the opposite sex which is Muslim, he/she should not be
frightened if the handshake is not accepted. For Chinese, they are always
calling their family names by adding Mr., Mrs., or

Miss and then a handshake and a “hello” or
“hi” are suitable to be used when you are greeting to each others. The
traditional Indian form of greeting is the namaste, which literally means, “I
bow to the divine in you.” The namaste is used for greeting, for taking leave,
and also to seek forgiveness.To greet someone with a namaste, bring the hands
together with palms touching in front of your chest in a graceful fashion.
Different languages may have different names for the namaste, but the gesture
remains the same throughout India.









How Muslims greet
with each other








Chinese greet with each other











Indian greet with each other


Shoes are not allowed if you want to enter
someone’s house, mosque or temples. So, we must
remove our shoes first before we are going to enter a
Malaysian’s house, mosque, Indian temple or a Buddhist temple. Besides
that, ladies are advised to wear long sleeves and loose pants or long skirts
when entering mosques and temples. Also, we need to call people
politely first before we visit a home. For example, when we
want to enter a people’s house, we need to ask for permission
politely first. (citation)


The Malay culture emphasizes on soft-spoken
mannerisms and always putting the needs of your elders first. The language
spoken is Malay, however the printed word vastly differs from the spoken word
on the street. Depending on which region you are in, the local Malays there
will have their own lingo. Each state also boasts of its unique Malay entree or
dish. The religion Malays practice is Islam, Muslims believe in one God, Allah.
Muslims celebrating Ramadan, complete with one month of fast. Hari Raya, which
marks the end of the fasting month is celebrated regardless of race or

The other prominent culture in
Malaysia is the Chinese. While its ethnology might resemble the same in China,
local Chinese vary in terms of lifestyle choices. Some of Chinese religion is
Buddhism.  Buddhists believe there are
only good and evil people.Buddhism stresses the value and dignity of
individuals. While traditional values are the same, stressing on the importance
of family, most Malaysian Chinese families underline the pursuit of happiness
and always improving the quality of life. While it is common practice to accept
the inevitable possibility of the children leaving the nest to pursue higher
education or career advancement, a lot of emphasis is stressed on Chinese New
Year and its Reunion Dinner with family members. While wedding ceremonies do
resemble traditional ones from China, a more modern approach is usually
accompanied, such as a white wedding dress instead of an auspicious red gown.
However, the tradition of serving tea to the newlywed’s parents is still

Another major race is the Indian
people. Malaysian Indians are decedents from India and have inherited many of
the same beliefs and principles. The Most religion Indians practice is
Hindu.Hindus believe Brahman, Vishnu and Shiva are three parts of the “force”
God: one creating, one preserving and one destroying. Importance of religion
and the pursuit of knowledge are common in both countries. While many
traditional values are still practice in today’s Indian homes, some have been
adjusted. While traditionally, it is customary for marriages to be arranged by
parents or guardians, most Indians are now opting to find their life partner on
their own. However, the practice of consulting an astrologer to see if the
stars will bless the union is still observed. Music, language and art still
echo those from mother India. Malaysian Indians also conspicuously celebrate
Thaipusam, the birthday of the Hindu god Murugan, Ponggal, the festival of
harvest and Deepavali, the festival of lights, identical to festivals in India.

While each race boasts of their
differences in ethnic culture, most have merged customs and have similar
attributes. All the races in Malaysia practices gift giving when visiting
friends or relatives regardless of the occasion. Malaysian cuisine has also
morphed into an indistinguishable culinary experience. Most of the local
cuisines have elements or spices merged from other races, producing a truly
unique taste. The Malay language has also merged, borrowing words from the other
races. (citation)






2.       The
British had used conflicts between the governments of the Malay states and the
external governments, especially those of the Siamese government, who were
still in control of the needy states, silver, selangor, kelantan, trengganu,
and pahang.

Second, they
also organize or support rebellions to disperse the strength of the siam in
kedah, silver and also selangor. In silver for example, british has set up a
rebellion with the support of the Malays and the sultan to fight the siam,
finally all soldier sold out of silver.

Thirdly, britisj
also uses conflicts among sultans, rulers or state leaders. They draw one
against another, intensifying the opposition between them so that eventually
they are forced to bow to british. This has happened in silver, selangor, nine
states, and pahang.

Fourth, british
who conquered the Dutch colonist who then dominated Indonesia to divide Malaya
and Indonesia according to the interests of their respective influences to
equally control it


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