As quality of life. As many citizens in the

As the world has come to a new age of global interaction and trade, developing nations and LDCs (Least Developed Countries) have seen harmful ramifications as an effect. The decline in living conditions and the lack of domestic industry has kept developing nations in a state of little economic development, having many nations pointing to Globalization as the problem. Trade has occurred between nations dating back to the Han dynasty and the development of the Silk roads dating back to 130 BCE. In a perfect world trade could only be so simple, however, we do not live in a perfect world. Increasing multilateralist efforts has led to increased tensions when it comes to international trade agreements. For example, the United Kingdom’s BREXIT decision to leave the EU was made because citizens felt increasing multilateralism had decreased their quality of life. As many citizens in the UK disagreed with the free movement of immigrants between EU member states and how Britain had no leverage when to came to trade being an EU member state. A prime example of the divide that globalization brings. Those who support the process of globalization point to how it gives an opportunity of developing economies to grow and become stronger through increasing trade and interaction. China has gained tremendous benefits from globalization seeing the nations GDP per Capita nearly doubling from 2008 to 2016. The increasing globalization practices occurring in the nation through foreign investors has allowed China to open up to new industrial possibilities stimulating the economy.  However, this success has not been replicated by many nations, leading to the massive social change we see in the modern day.  The increasing popularity of populist movements has led to many nations taking an isolationist approach when it comes foreign policy. An example is in the French elections of 2017,  populist leader Marie Le Pen opposed globalization and gained popularity using that platform. Le Pen stating “Wild globalization has benefited some, but it’s been a catastrophe for most.” Le Pen did lose the election but still gained tons of support with her anti-globalist messages winning more than 10 million votes. However, politically and economically is not the only way globalization has had an effect on the international community. The pursuit of profit in a market-driven economy has created a disregard for labor standards as the rise of Multinational National Corporations (MNC) has placed a profit ahead of workers rights. The ILO (International Labor Organization) predicts that over 6 million children worldwide are in forced labor situations for industries such as the fashion industry and others. This occurs due to the lack of regulation and standards worldwide for labor, as many fashion companies who purchase textiles for clothes often don’t know how these textiles are produced. Nike, another popular MNC outsources its production into in India and into Vietnam to drive down production cost to turn a greater profit. The issue that this causes is unemployment spikes in nations that require specific wage requirements or labor laws, punishing nations who attempt to reform labor systems to be almost punished for doing the right thing. Along with the increasing amount of manufacturing and industrial development leads globalization into an entirely separate issue to tackle, the environment. The increase in trade and production has led to a major increase in carbon emissions being produced. As the international community has become more integrated and an overall increase in global trade has developed, CO2 emissions have gradually been on the increase since 1961. Developing nations also begin to have an issue with adapting a green energy policy pushed by developed nations when developed nations used fossil fuels to achieve the economic stimulation which has caused them to do so well. With a multitude of issues spawning from increasing globalization, the deep difference in opinion begins to emerge within the international community.South Africa has been very vocal when it comes to their support of globalization and its positives such as job creation and economic growth. But, South Africa has not always felt this way about globalization, in fact, they have not supported the environmental aspect of globalization due to how they had previously viewed themselves as a nation. Before the unprecedented  Paris Climate deal, the Kyoto Protocol was one of the very first international agreements about the climate that multiple nations came to a resolution. South Africa did in fact sign onto the agreement but did not take extensive measures to change their carbon emissions production because South Africa felt that it was not developed enough to take immediate action on climate change. Since South Africa slowly develops and industrializes to become a developed nation, when the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference was passed, South Africa was ready to make a contribution and reduce their carbon footprint along with their allies.  South Africa has invested in renewable energy, public transport, energy efficiency, waste management and land restoration initiatives as soon as the treaty was ratified.  South Africa has made it its duty to contribute to the reduction of carbon emissions because of  the effects of environmental globalization, having seen a lack of rainfall in many parts of the country, affecting the nation’s agricultural output.Economically, globalization has benefited South Africa in a tremendous fashion. Globalization has allowed for South Africa to interact with other nations and create trade deals, and has allowed South Africans to access new markets. The TFTA-Cape to Cairo Free Trade Agreement is one of the prime examples of how economically beneficial it is to trust the process of Globalization. The deal includes existing trade blocs of the Southern African Development Community (SADC); the East African Community (EAC) and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Comesa). The deal merges these three trade blocs into one major free trade zone. Allowing for all nations affected by small economies to grow and be integrated into the world economy, allowing for more goods to become cost-effective whiles accessing larger markets at the same time. The deal also eliminated trade tariffs and restricted a number of trade borders within the nations affected. However, with South Africa creating such a heavy free trade supporting agreement in the modern day, South Africa did not always favor free trade. In October of 1947, The (GATT) The General Agreement on Taxes and Tariffs was created to establish trade borders and alliances that nations had to abide by. With the increase in globalization and other nations influence on South Africa’s economic views, allowed for such a shift in thinking.  South Africa does realize that having developing nations emerge into the global economy is extremely important however the possibility of this occurring is very small. Developing nations often see high unemployment and have economies centered around a singular resource or industry. This has led to developing nations to have stagnant or poor economic development. This is why South Africa would like to institute the HTLT (High Tariff to Low Tariff plan). The HTLT calls for developing nations with high unemployment and a GDP per Capita less than 8000 USD would be encouraged to increase their tariffs to promote domestic industries. The reason why the GDP per Capita less than 8000 would be used is that it is the GDP per Capita level which separates between nations who have economies relying on a single industry or resource and diversified economies. By increasing tariffs the possibility to diversify and stimulate these economies will take a crucial first step. As these nations have the ability to promote new industries and unemployment drops to below 10% and GDP per Capita grows to greater than 8000 then the delegation of South Africa would like to have a gradual decrease or tariffs for these nations. With new revitalized economies which are diverse, the involvement and integration of developing nations into the global economy will be much easier. Along with the promotion of developing nations economies, South Africa would like to take this one step forward encouraging FDI (Foreign Direct Investments) into developing nations using the Microcredit system. The Microcredit system originated in Bangladesh, which the fundamental idea was to give small loans to low-income people in rural areas. This was done to give industries that struggled to get off the ground an economic boost that they needed to get their industries producing. South Africa would like to propose that these Microcredit loans would be used to fund job opportunities allowing for developing nations to slowly diversify their economies as well as emerging theme into the world’s economy. Microcredits would only be given to nations in the bottom 15th percentile of GDP per capita so that the loans would not be given out a rate that it is hard to keep track of. These Microcredits would be funded by Non-Profits, Developed Nations who want to take part in a specific business, and private lenders. Doing this would allow for new industries to develop making developing nations less reliant on developed nations. Also creating more jobs in the process and improving the quality of life for those with jobs in these newly developed industries.South Africa along with the encouragement of creating more diverse economies for developing nations, would like to have the UN not regulate MNCs but instead give them incentives to promote fair working environments and help host nations of MNCs. This is why South Africa would like to promote economic development incentives for MNC because of the perks that it brings for nations with MNCs within their borders including lower unemployment and overall economic growth. These economic incentives would include having tax breaks for MNCs to stay in certain nations and not to outsource jobs to other nations. This is primarily for developed nations so that MNCs can stimulate developed economies and in turn for keeping jobs in developed nations. In return for encouraging MNCs to operate within developed nations, South Africa would encourage developed nations to reciprocate by investing and looking to promote financial aid to developing nations. Building up a more diverse, stronger economy for developing nations. Allowing for these nations to trade on the global market adding value goods to the market with the promotion of domestic industry. South Africa would like to promote economic diversification because in the past the ECI (Economic complexity Index) has indicated strong economic diversity, and as a nation has a higher ECI score the strength of the economy goes up as well.   


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