Assignment non- governmental organisations. 2. What measures have your

Assignment

 

Committee: General Assembly – Economic
and Financial Committee

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Topic: Sustainable Development:
Responsibilities of Consumers and Producer

 

Country: India

 

 

 

1.     Make
a brief introduction on the situation of production and consumption waste in          

        your
country and related domestic regulations.

 

        India alone generate more than
1,00,000 metric tonnes of solid waste every day,

 

which is
higher than many countries’ total daily waste generation taken together. Large

 

metropolis
such as Mumbai and Delhi generate around 9,000 metric tonnes and 8,300 metric

 

tonnes of
waste per day, respectively. India suffers from inefficient and insufficient
waste

 

infrastructure and also
from increasing rates of solid waste generation per capita. Issues of

 

service
quality and waste quantity need to be handled together. Besides, the
infrastructure and

 

technologies,  must also concede that India have not
addressed the issue from a systemic

 

perspective.
Inaugurating an Assocham Conference on 5th
national conference and awards on

 

waste to
wealth.

 

Management
of solid waste through collection, processing, transportation and disposal in

 

India is
the responsibility of urban local bodies (ULBs). ULBs are responsible for
segregated

 

waste
collection, transporting waste in covered vehicle, processing, recyclables,
separating

 

domestic
hazardous waste and disposing inert material in sanitary landfills. But most
ULBs in

 

India
struggle to provide efficient waste management services due to financial
problems, lack

 

of
infrastructure and technology, and a lack of involvement from the private
sector and non-

 

governmental
organisations.

2.     What measures have your country taken to
restrict production pollution emission.

 

 

        Pollution

 

-India has installed basic pollution
abatement equipments in some of its thermal power plants.

 

-The government encourages homes to
switch from burning wood and other solid fuels to

 

cleaner options.

 

Emission

 

In 2002, the Indian government
accepted the report submitted by the Mashelkar committee.

 

The committee also proposed a road map
out of Euro based emission standards for India. It

 

also suggested using the regulations
on major cities first then on the rest of the country after a

 

few years.

 

-Based on the recommendations of the
committee, the National Auto Fuel policy was

 

announced officially in 2003. The
policy also created guidelines for auto fuels, reduction of

 

pollution from older vehicles and
R for air quality data creation and health administration.

 

-Bharat stage emission standards are
emission standards instituted by the Government of

 

India to regulate the output of air
pollutants from motor vehicles. The standards, based on

 

European regulations, were first
introduced in 2000. There are different stages of the

 

standards, each more strict than the
last one. For example, Bharat Stage (BS) IV fuel has a

 

limit of 50ppm of sulfur, BS VI in
2020 will be down to 10ppm.

 

 
Odd-Even Rule: On a given day vehicles with either odd number plates or
even number

 

plates are allowed on the road. This
will reduced the number of vehicles on the road and

 

therefore reduce pollution.

 

 

3.     Does
your country have any regulations regarding sustainability claims? If yes, what
             

        are
the regulations? If no, what relative regulations can possibly be adopted in
your         

        country?

 

       India
had already signed the Paris Agreement, which deals with climate change.

 

 India is collaborating with different
countries on projects to deal with pollution, green house

 

gas, environmental problems, etc.

 

 India released its National Action Plan on
Climate Change (NAPCC) on 30th, June, 2008, to

 

outline its strategy to meet the
climate change challenge. The plan focuses on eight missions.

 

-National Solar Mission-Promoting the
development and use of solar energy for power

 

generation and other uses, with the
ultimate objective of making solar competitive with fossil

 

fuels. The mission also contributes to
India’s long term energy security and ecological

 

benefits.

 

-National Mission for Enhanced Energy
Efficiency-To lower energy consumption like

 

reducing the energy used in large
industries, lower taxes on energy-efficient appliances.

 

-National Mission on Sustainable
Habitat-Aims to increase energy efficiency, encourages

 

buying energy efficient vehicles and
taking public transport. It also emphasizes on waste

 

management and recycling.

 

-National Water Mission-The NAPCC sets
a goal of a 20% improvement in water use

 

efficiency through pricing and other
measures to deal with water scarcity as a result of

 

climate change.

 

-National Mission for Sustaining the
Himalayan Ecosystem-This particular mission sets the

 

goal to prevent melting of the
Himalayan glaciers and to protect biodiversity in the

 

Himalayan region.

 

-National Mission for a Green
India-Managing forests and adapting vulnerable ecosystems

 

and forest-dependent communities to
changing climate. It also aims for the afforestation of

 

six million hectares of degraded
forest lands and expanding forest cover from 23 to 33% of

 

India’s territory.

 

-National Mission for Sustainable
Agriculture-To support climate adaption of agriculture by

 

developing climate-resilient crops,
insurance mechanisms related to climate change, and

 

agricultural practices.

 

-National Mission on Strategic
Knowledge for Climate Change-Aims to gain a better

 

understanding of climate science,
impacts, and challenges by collaborating with other

 

countries. In addition, the research
in this area will be supported by a network of dedicated

 

climate change related institutions
and universities and a Climate Research Fund. The

 

Mission will also encourage the
private sector initiatives to develop adaptation and mitigation

 

 technologies.

 

 

4.     In
the fast fashion industry, what character does your country represent
(producers

 

        or
consumers)? On behalf of this character, what can your country do to reduce the

 

        damage
to  the environment?

 

        India, as a country which owns 8% of
the world’s rotors and 24% of world’s spindles,

 

is the second-largest textile
producing country across the globe. Lots of clothes are made in

 

India and other countries like it and
supplied to various brands, mostly because of the

 

comparatively cheaper labor thus
reducing overall production cost.

 

 The average consumer nowadays buys 60% more
clothing items a year and keeps them for

 

about half as long as 15 years ago.
That’s a lot of textile waste to deal with and would cause

 

serious pollution if not recycled or
treated properly. That’s not all. Chemicals that are used in

 

 production can be environmental hazards if not
disposed properly. About 21.3 million tons of

polyester was used in clothing in
2016. Greenhouse gases are also being released into the

 

atmosphere, as polyester is made from
fossil fuels, and the production of other clothes with

 

other requirements like transportation
also release greenhouse gases.

 

 
As the second-largest textile producing country in the world, steps must
be taken to reduce

 

as much damage to the environment as
possible. We can also promote the use of recycling of

 

plastic waste such as plastic bottles
and perhaps put subsidies on them so companies are more

 

willingly to change to a more
environmentally friendly way of producing clothes.

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