At (46.3- 58.7 TW) by 2100. Considering the global

            At present time, the demand for
global energy consumption due to arising worldwide crises on energy resources
continue to exhaust Earth’s Fossil fuel reserves. Because of a rapid increase
in the Earth’s population and uncontrollable business industrial exploitations
and urban consumption (Susanti et al., 2014), this problem on fossil fuels and
its worse effects in the environment could not be addressed and resolved
easily.

            By the year 2050, calculations
hypothetically show that the global energy consumption could rise up to
837-1041 exajoules (26.4-32.9 TW) whilst between middle to high growth it could
move up to 1464-1859 exajoules (46.3- 58.7 TW) by 2100. Considering the global
energy expenditure during the year 1998, which was approximately 402 exajoules
or 12.7 TW consisting of 80% fossil fuel burning, a double to triple increase
in energy demand within a 52 years gap, is absurdly disturbing. In fact, even
combining the energy production from natural synthesis of energy in geothermal,
wind, hydroelectric energy, biomass and even all the artificial nuclear power
plants, fossil fuel still gets the demand to suffice the world’s annual energy consumption
(Eisenberg & Nocera, 2005). This calls for global concern towards finding
better alternative options for a more reliable, safe, and cheap source of
energy.

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            Solar energy is an unlimited source
of energy. It is estimated, millions of years after this generation, the sun
would still give off enough energy to suffice every energy demand in the whole
solar system even if humanity came to extinction. Compared to our annual global
energy consumption, an hour each day of energy radiation from the sun is
multiplicatively larger (Eisenberg & Nocera, 2005) with 600 TW applied
value from 1.7 X 105 TW (3 X 10^24 J) radiation that reaches the Earth’s
surface each year (Al-Alwani et al., 2016).

            Silicon-based solar cells and other
thick-filmed photovoltaic devices have been the practical utilization of solar
energy for many years now. However, their cost of production, contended
utilization in some certain location, and efficiency of operation has been a
limitation for use such as in the case of some Photovoltaic devices (Rho et
al., 2015). The bid for many scientists for decades now is how to harness the
sun’s energy for a more sustainable, cheaper, safe, eco-friendly, greener, and
efficient global energy yield. One example of these researches focusing on
solar energy utilization are studies all about the Dye sensitized solar cells.

            Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells has been
a recommended research study concerning energy consumption and environmental
protection. For decades now, scientists still continue to unravel discoveries
improving the energy performance of a DSSC. Since it was discovered, a lot of advancements
in each of the DSSC’s components had been the target of every scientists to
make a remarkable leap on this tiny yet world-changing discovery. However, in
spite of technological innovations on DSSC fabrication and remarkable energy
yield recorded by several scientists, the real problem on the energy
utilization stability of DSSCs has not been well addressed and a lot of innovations
concerning each component of the DSSC have not been unraveled.

            The applications of solar energy are
endless. 174 petawatts (PW) of energy, comes in form of solar radiation, hits
our atmosphere. Almost one third of it is reflected back into space. The rest,
3 850 000 exajoules (EJ) every year, is absorbed by the atmosphere, clouds,
oceans and land – one hour of insolation is the equivalent to more than the
world’s energy consumption for an entire year. Solar energy is by far the
largest energy resource on the Earth. (Maehlum, M.A., 2013) One year’s worth of
solar energy reaching the surface of the Earth would be twice the amount of all
non-renewable resources, including fossil fuels and nuclear uranium. The solar
energy that hits the Earth every second is equivalent to 4 trillion 100-watt
light bulbs. The solar energy that hits one square mile in a year is equivalent
to 4 million barrels of oil. Because of these reasons and so many more,
scientist all over the globe are trying to capitalize on this virtually
unlimited power source.

            The Window Socket is a concept by
Kyuho Song and Boa Oh until now. Its design is nothing short from innovative.
It takes the classic wall socket and adds the mobility and convenience that
today’s world largely demands. The proposed machine has two sides, the first is
the one that sticks to any window to gather solar energy to store in its
internal battery and the other one is the outlet where the user can charge any
device or store the energy overtime. The application of DSSCs into the concept
of the Window Socket will absolutely benefit consumers and help propel solar
technology nearer to the present. Applying DSSCs to the Window Socket is a very
innovative idea for many reasons. One being that since the concept only works
on direct sunlight (Cameron, C., 2014) , the application of DSSCs will
certainly boost its usefulness and effectiveness due to the solar cell working
even on bionic light set ups. The application of DSSC will promote eco-friendly
technology and will aid in the development of solar technology. 

            Solar Energy has been important to
mankind long before we even knew. Prehistoric man used the sun’s energy for
cooking, warming their dwelling places, lighting caves, and fending off against
predators. The sun was even worshipped as a god by countless culture and
religions and as we enter the modern era, humans have strayed away from the sun
and into other sources of energy. Sources that humans can monetize and build
on. Humans, as a species, have been so reliant on fossil fuels over the past few
centuries that we have been able to develop our economies into the almost
futuristic world we live on today but it has come at a steep price. The harsh
effects of this continuous and destructive use of fossil fuels have led to
mankind slowly going back to cleaner, greener, and renewable energy sources.
The applications and continuous development of solar energy is one we, as a
species, should pursue and support for it was the energy of the past and
possibly the energy of the future.

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