By the story, he/she can proceed to change throughout

By using this method, we come to know more about the characters which is essentially the key to what molds the story. By increasing the reader’s knowledge about the characters, the character becomes more round.  Meaning that characters can be: flat or round; flat characters are known to be characters the reader knows little information about. They have few characteristics and are usually stereotypes. Round characters are known as characters the reader knows a lot about. Round characters have a lot of characteristics and are usually multisided. However, a character may be round in the beginning of the story, he/she can proceed to change throughout the story by being a dynamic character. Dynamic meaning that the character changes throughout the story based on the events that happen/build up. Take the character Clive Black in the story ‘Hanwell in Hell”  for instance. In the story, the author gives away Clive’s characteristics very recognizably. How he thinks about certain aspects. Clive is presented as a pessimistic man who was once living a good life. After he meets Hanwell, a man who actually goes through misery but still proceeds to look at everything in an optimistic way, Clive starts to realise that he should too. It is only when he sees his friend keeping up his hope. So this makes Clive a dynamic, round character. Because he changes throughout  the story. His girlfriend in the story on the other hand, is very static yet flat. The readers does not get to know her neither does she change or effects the story in some kind of way.Round and dynamic characters are generally the protagonists in the story. The protagonist is often the main character and takes the lead in the story. While the protagonist doesn’t necessarily have to be the good guy, the character most often is. Alternatively we have the antagonist. The antagonist works against or opposes the protagonist. Again, the antagonist doesn’t have to be the bad guy, however the character most often is. The antagonist is usually written as the villain of the story. Another way to name these characters is to call them foils. A foil is a character that is opposite from the other character, this is more often than not the protagonist. Foils are ofttimes used to accentuate particular attributes of the other character. Another method that is frequently used is the use of stereotypes in stories.Stereotypes are overly simplified, latitudinous ideas about groups of people. These ideas can be based on the color of their skin, nationality, gender or religion. Stereotypes in literature can help craft a story or steer an audience to a certain perspective. When using stereotypes, people often apply general traits or characteristics. Using stereotypes in a story can be both unpleasant and harmful. However, authors and writers frequently employ them. They usually give the audience a connection to the character. For instance, if the author identifies the character as a computer geek, the reader immediately builds an image about the way the character looks. On the other hand, if this stereotype breaks out of that idea, it will be more appealing to the reader. Let’s say the author uses a blonde, witless girl. If that blonde girl suddenly gets straight A’s and somehow finds a way to get into Law school (Legally Blonde, 2001). Although she is still very sassy, it attracts the reader to actually read, or in this case watch. This is what we call de-stereotyping. Another method writers can use is the anti-hero. An anti-hero can be one of the main characters that lacks heroic qualities such as moral goodness, benevolence and eminence.   Meaning that this character is just not bad enough. An anti-hero is too good to be a villain and too bad to be a hero. These characters are generally used to let the reader think twice about whether to support the protagonist’s goals. Here are a few examples: Severus Snape; Professor Snape is the anti-hero in the well known “Harry Potter” book series. Severus’ character is an anti-hero because the reasoning of his sidings are for his own reasons instead of the “greater good”. Severus was Lilly’s (Harry’s mother) admirer. He felt partially responsible for her death and therefore only protected Harry (in the worst way possible) to ease his feeling of guilt and self-loathing. Jay Gatsby; Jay Gatsby is the main character in the book “The Great Gatsby” .The movie is located in New york in the 20’s. Gatsby is a young millionaire that explores the “Roaring Twenties” and tries to give a portrait and hope about the “American Dream.” The reason why he is an anti-hero is because of the way he becomes a millionaire, the way he earns his money, which is not rightful.The last method is personification. This concept is usually used with poetry to intensify the meaning and beauty of poems. It is a metaphorical language in which non-human objects are given human features. These features could be emotion, desire, sensation, gesture and speech based. Examples in writing are:”opportunity was knocking at her door.””Time creeps up on you.” “The sun smiled and chased away the angry clouds.” “The clouds were crying their eyes out.””The words hesitated to escape his mouth.”

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