Civil war is the most significant and pressing period in the history of the U.S. The war completed and halted a long meter of beating down in the country and it more than that makes a heap of different political and social changes. The nation was at that point tore up and torn up by the negative prevailing fashion in race relations and the different instance of events of slave messy confusions was taking a cost on the country’s political and social structure. While the most well-known reason for the cause of the Civil war is said to be slavery, there were a couple of different parts/pieces included in addition. Slavery is commonly believed to be the root of the divide, but in reality, there were a number of other causes leading to the split of the Union. Slavery was a point of conflict but as part of the larger issue of states’ rights. The South believed in the right of states to set their own laws. The North believed in the unity of a strong federal government over-ruling state governments on issues of national importance. North and South differed greatly socially, as well. The social structure of the North was based on city life and industrialization while living in the South was based on that of an agricultural, rural society. In spite of the fact slavery was the major cause, so to speak, it was certainly not by any means the only aim of the Civil War. There were many elements that added to the beginning of the Civil War. Socially, the North and the South were based on various norms. The South, or the Slave States, was a slave-based group that took after a class-based framework. This framework comprised of privileged, working class and afterward subjection. Many relied upon slaves and were acquainted with along these lines of life, which was difficult to change. Ranch owner had slaves working for them, and the individuals who couldn’t stand to possess slaves would take a shot at their own particular homestead. The North, or the Free States, had more outsiders settling in its territories, where work was required, however not the work of slaves. Along these lines, it had a more industrialized society where a great many people worked in production lines and did not take a class framework. The Northerners restricted to Slavery as a foundation in the South, as the Confederate States were the main locale on the planet that still legitimized the responsibility for. This rankled the Southerners and undermined their lifestyle. The decision of Abraham Lincoln, as president was seen by the South as a danger to slavery.It is fundamental to realize that while slavery was the significant reason, it was the elements of politics and economy that also contributed towards the war. Also, aside from some tangible factors, there were some hidden psychological and social factors too that served as a catalyst for the most momentous event in the history of the United States.We have to comprehend that since Civil War occurred inside the first century of the Confederation, individuals still had not grapple with the new reality that they never again belong to independent states, however, were a piece of the Union. Naturally, there was no sense of nationalism towards the Confederation; individuals were more keen on the issues of their own states, such clashes likewise contributed towards the war. The Civil War had several long-term effects. One of these was that it ended slavery in the United States. Slavery and the spread of it had been a growing concern in our country for many years. The Civil War permanently ended slavery with the passage of the thirteenth amendment to the Constitution. The image that I pick shows 2 Lincoln. This represents the south and the north showing how different and divided they were because one Lincoln was dress as a farmer showing the south while the other in a suit representing the North. In the middle of the picture was a slave with the map of the U.S. half ripped in his hands. This represented the fact that slavery was one of the main reason for the civil war and show that the fight for slavery if ripping and dividing the nation. The 2 Lincoln could also represent another cause of the war because Lincoln being elected for a 2nd term was the last straw for the south and most people didn’t accept him as their president.There were many effects of the civil war such as Loyalties were seriously evaluated. People had to decide if they held their loyalty to the country as a whole, their state, their families, or even to humanity as a whole. They had to decide if it was right to own another person, or if the slavery system was justified as a way to keep the Southern economy going. Through all this contemplation, people wrote about their thoughts and fears, and as a result, people abandoned romanticism and became realists. Many writings of the Civil War, whether informational or literary, reflect realism and the effects of war on the individual, communities, and humanity as a whole. The Civil War had a great effect on the home life of individuals, and consequently, the writing of these individuals greatly changed. People wrote about their struggles and would give vivid details of their experiences during the war. This would give the readers a look into the minds of people, and help modern society understand why people behave the way they do.When the Civil War finally concluded, thousands of American soldiers died fighting for what they believed in. The Confederate army lost a total of 258,000 soldiers and the Union army lost 360,000 soldiers. The loss of so many people immensely harmed the nation mentally and economically. Almost everybody had a family, relative, or friend that died in the Civil War. Half of the lives lost were farmers in the South, which devastated the South’s economy because these farmers were also consumers for their economy and most of the fields and crops were destroyed from battles.After studying all possible issues connected to the Civil war, one feels that slavery was nonetheless the most important factor because this was what separated South from the North. Even if today we see Civil War as more a conflict between South and North, the fact remains that these two sides were essentially divided over the issue of slavery and every economic and political reason simply accrue from this one basic cause of conflict. It is important to understand that even if slavery was more an economic problem than a moral one; it was nonetheless the strongest factor that resulted in the most violent conflicts of all time. There are some who feel that slavery could have been abolished without a war, but the truth of the matter is that all attempts at abolition had failed previously and it was unwise to assume that slavery could simply vanish one day. War was thus inevitable and since South was so adamant to protect the institution of slavery, the conflict turned into an extremely violent where hundreds of thousands of people lost their lives. But they did not die in vain because it was their struggle against slavery that rooted this evil out of the American society for good.