Despite resentme nt and jealousy over Israeli wealth and

Despite the Camp David agreement the conflict between the Arabs and Israelis has continued. There are a number of reasons for this. There are deep-seated religious cultural and economic differences between the Israelis and Palestinians. All religions have places that they regard religiously significant and for both the Muslims and Jews it is Jerusalem. They both think it is holy to them, and them alone and that because of this they have claimed to it. Due to their different religious holidays and how they are celebrated, this makes them very wary of each other. The fact that the Israeli people are so much wealthier than the Palestinians due to American aid also causes adivide between them. Many Palestinians are unemployed refugees and have poor standards of living they have high unemployment in occupied territories (there are often Israelis living around them) These conditions have helped the conflict continue because their religious differences, cultural differences and difference of opinion over Jerusalem being their own capital leads to misunderstanding and mistrust. This can result in a buildup of tension, which originates from these differences; this escalates each and every day as long as these two very different people are still living together. The outcome of this is that the Palestinians have resentme nt and jealousy over Israeli wealth and blame Israel for their bad living conditions and poverty.The pressure from other countries has also contributed to the ongoing conflict. America not only supported Israel financially but also politically even when they were wrong. America never failed to help Israel financially throughout the conflict. Although since the Intifada America and other countries were more sympathetic towards the Palestinians and because of this, America was accused of double standards after helping Kuwait in the Gulf War but merely ‘sympathizing’ with the Palestinians in this case. America needed to keep favor and support of the Arab states for reasons such as oil and so they had an ulterior reason to persevere in their influencing upon Israel to make peace. The cold war ended in the early 1970’s and so America no longer saw it necessary to support Israel for strategic reasons. During the cold war, there was no physical fighting between Russia and the US, just threats. Although during the cold war the Russians started to support the Russians and the only reason they had for doing this was to annoy the US. Now that the cold war was over the The US could now concentrate on putting pressure on Israel to make peace but it also gave America another reason to support Israel as during the cold war the enemy supported the opposition.This is a reason why the conflict is still going on because Israel resents America’s change of loyalties and unconditional support. The Israelis were used to unconditional support from America and felt pushed into a corner when they were unexpectedly put under pressure. This, therefore, made the Israeli’ more uncompromising as they didn’t want peace, they just wanted the money. This, therefore, made things awkward for America as if they pushed Israel into a peace deal unwillingly it might not last and therefore would be pointless and a waste of time.The pressure from other countries is linked to the use of economic sanctions, which has also led to the dispute carrying on today. The Arabs are able to use their oil weapon at any time and with severe consequences. The majority of the west received their oil from the The Middle East and so they can threaten to cut this off at any time and send the receiving countries into an impossible dilemma, this, therefore, is how the oil weapon works. The US had the ability to withdraw financial aid to Israel and therefore puts more pressure on the Israelis to do what America wanted, for example, attend peace talks in 1978 and 1993The threat of economic sanctions has played a part in the ongoing divisions because the Arab threat of not supplying oil to America meant that the US put pressure on the Israelis for selfish reasons, the pressure to accept and make peace. America also expects that Israel takes the advice given to them in return for their economic andpolitical aid. It is because of this aid that Israel has retained its strength. As Israel relies on the US for money they resent being told what to do as they expected their support to be unconditional. If countries are forced into peace they will not work to make it last.This factor could be said to be a somewhat significant as the Arab states possess large amounts of the world’s known oil reserves and so developments in the region profoundly affect other regions of the, therefore, affecting how much international support the Arabs get.Another reason why there is no lasting peace is that some people on both sides are completely against any sort of compromise and so continue to use violence to fight any peace deal.In 1993, the Labour Government of Israel announced its willingness to deal directly with the PLO and later a peace deal (the Oslo accord) was reached between the PLO and Israel. Hamas, a Palestinian fundamentalist group, which was formed in 1988, however, was all set to kill in the name of the Arab cause especially after the Intifada and carried out regular suicide bombings and attacks on Israeli soldiers and civilians alike. Israeli extremists also out ruled peace and one extremist called Yigal Amir carried out the assassination of Rabin on the 4th November 1995.Such extremist actions take place regularly today. This is a reason why the conflict is continuing because this ongoing violence violates any peace deal made; the constant terrorist attacks, retaliation and pure violence contradicted the peace that was proposed in the Oslo accords. After the assassination of Rabin, Israel no longer had any desire for peace as they no longer had a leader capable of convincing the people to persist in the peace attempts.This is an ongoing problem in every civilization but even though it isn’t a problem that politics can necessarily solve, nevertheless it isn’t a problem unique to the Middle East crisis. It is therefore not possible to identify it as the chief factor putting a stop to peace.Linked to the rise of extremism are the settlements in the disputed territories, which are another factor preventing peace in the Middle East. After the 1967 war Jewish settlements were made in the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Golan Heights that was where Jews and Arabs lived together. The Israelis saw this as their way of monitoring the Arabs’ actions. The building of these settlements involved the destruction of Palestinian houses; the Arabs resented this and did everything in their power to oppose it.This issue has contributed to the conflict because the tensions were growing between the Palestinians and settlers in occupied territories where their settlers are often guarded by Israeli troops. Jewish soldiers were constantly guarding the areas making the Palestinians feel very unsafe and threatened. There was more violence occurring by the settlers against the 1993 peace deal in the Gaza Strip and Golan Heights. One Jewish settler, Baruch Goldstein, for example, shot and killed 29 Palestinians whilst they were praying in the Mosque in the February of 1994.The West Bank is the holy land for Jews so the Jews refuse to give up their settlements on their holy land, as it is precious to them and so many Israelis criticised the Oslo accords, as they wanted to maintain the ever-increasing number of Israeli settlements in the West Bank.The main reasons why the conflict has continued since 1978 are the the dispute over the settlements in the West Bank and the fact that neither side is willing to compromise. This is because these are the hardest factors to resolve. Both countries regard the West Bank as religiously significant (which also ties in with deep-seated religious differences) and so each side insists they are entitled to ownership of the land. The fact that neither side is willing to compromise complicates this further because not only can they not live happily together because of their cultural and religious differences but it would also seem that they are unable to fairly divide the land in order to compromise because their pride won’t allow it.Other factors preventing peace are the Israeli fear that the allowance of a Palestinian state is just the means to the unavoidable founding of a Palestinian state in Judea. Each and every young child is also raised sharing the deep-seated religious and cultural hatred about

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