From time and easy way to those who are

 

 

From the Pre-Historic Era Man has tried to develop an easy and better way
of Communication and transfer of Information and Knowledge in a short time and
easy way to those who are out of reach. He has developed several ways for it since
then, one of which is the internet.

In the Early Ages people Used to send paper mails to
other parts of the world for the sake of communication. Newspapers were also published
to transfer the everyday news to the people. As the people became advanced
radio and telephone became a source of communication and information.

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But in the 19th century a revolution came
with the invention of the internet. Most
traditional communications media, including telephone, radio, television, paper
mail and newspapers were being reshaped, redefined, or even bypassed by the
Internet, giving birth to new services such as email, Internet Telephony, Internet Television, Online Music, digital newspapers, and video Streaming websites. Newspaper, book, and other print
publishing were also adapted to website technology, or are reshaped into blogging, web feeds and online news aggregators.

The term Internet is
used to refer to the specific global system of interconnected Internet
Protocol (IP) networks. The Internet is
a global network that
comprises many voluntarily interconnected autonomous networks. It operates
without a central governing body.

The history
of the Internet begins with the development of electronic computers in the
1950s.  Initial concepts of WAN (wide area
networking) originated in several Computer Science Research laboratories
in the United States. The US Government’s Department of Defense awarded
contract in the early 1960s for the development of the ARPANET project. The first message was sent over the
ARPANET in 1969 at University of California, Los Angeles to the second network node at Stanford Research Institute.

In the
1980s, research at CERN in Switzerland by a British computer scientist Tim Berners Lee resulted in the WWW (World Wide Web), linking hypertext documents into an information system,
accessible from any node on the network. 

Since
the mid-1990s, the Internet has had a revolutionary impact on culture,
commerce, and technology, including the rise of instant communication by email, instant messaging,
telephone calls,
interactive video calls, and the World Wide Web with its discussion
forums, blogs, social
networking, and online shopping sites.

The
Internet’s takeover of the global communication landscape was almost instant in
the historical terms as it only communicated 1% of the information flowing
through telecommunications networks in the year 1993, already 51% by 2000, and
more than 97% of the telecommunicated information by 2007. Today the Internet
continues to grow, driven by ever greater amounts of online information,
commerce, entertainment, and social networking.

Globally, time spent on social
networking sites surpassed time spent on email in November 2007, and the number
of social networking users surpassed the number of email users in July 2009.
Today, social networking sites are the preferred platforms for all kinds of
activities, both business and personal.

It is the decisive technology of the
Information Age, and with the explosion of wireless communication in the early
twenty-first century, we can say that humankind is now almost entirely
connected.
The Internet allows greater flexibility in working hours and location,
especially with the spread of high speed connections. The Internet can be
accessed almost anywhere by numerous means, including through mobile Internet
devices.
Mobile phones, data cards and cellular routers allow users to connect
to the Internet wirelessly.

The Internet, as a whole,
can be seen as technology that has greatly enhanced our lives. While the
introduction of the Internet led to many benefits, unfortunately, it also came
with its own set of problems.

Let’s address some of the
advantages of the Internet.

For instance, media often report that intense use of the Internet
increases the risk of isolation and withdrawal from society, but available
evidence shows that the Internet neither isolates people nor reduces their
sociability; it actually increases sociability, civic engagement, and the
intensity of family and friendship relationships, in all cultures.

Networked social movements have been
particularly active since 2010, notably in the Arab revolutions against
dictatorships and the protests against the management of the financial crisis.
Online and particularly wireless communication has helped social movements pose
more of a challenge to state power.

Before
the Internet came into existence, to communicate with someone who isn’t in the
same room as you, you would have to call them on a phone or send them a paper
mail etc. With the introduction of the Internet, we now have the ability
to send and receive messages through electronic mail- virtually instantaneously
and without the need of a postage stamp as well as we can use many internet
calling services like Skype, IMO etc., to communicate with others without any
hesitation.

With the Internet came the comfort of
online shopping. Rather than having to drive to a mall and wait to make a
purchase, you can now do all of your shopping with a few clicks on your
computer or mobile phone through online Websites. In addition, the Internet
made it easier for individuals to price compare between different online
retailers and brands to see which one offers the best quality and prices.

Nowadays, online banking is a very
active field. On the Bank Website you log into your online accounts to pay
bills, transfer funds, or just to check your balance. Prior to online banking,
you would have to drive to your local bank and wait in line to have your
transactions completed. With the Internet, you can avoid it simply by logging
into your account on your computer or mobile phone and completing your
transaction from there any time of day or night. Several Services like PayPal
and Payoneer etc, through their websites, provide you the service to transfer
your money to any part of the world.

The main advantage of the Internet is
its ability to connect billions of computers and devices to each other. Not
only does the Internet create convenience in sharing and receiving information
between users, another advantage of the modern Internet is its ability for
automation. Now we are an Era of the Internet of Things where devices and
sensors communicate with each other to automatically perform a given task. For
example, a smart thermostat could reduce your energy cost by automatically
adjusting the temperature when it senses you have left the house. Additionally,
it “learns” your heating and cooling preferences and adjusts them to your
liking.

As we have discussed many Advantages
of the Internet, there are also many disadvantages or drawbacks of it.

The ability to send and receive
emails also created a means for cybercriminals to distribute spam and malware.
Malware hiding in email attachments could wreak havoc to your PC or possibly
even create a backdoor for an attacker to hack your system. Through emails,
cybercriminals saw this as another opportunity to play on human emotions and
lure victims into revealing sensitive information through phishing scams.

While the Internet brought upon
convenience for individuals to make online purchases, this also created yet
another way for cybercriminals to steal personal information and to distribute
malware.

First, cybercriminals create fake
websites that offer goods at unbelievable prices to attract individuals. For
example, if you search something through a search engine. Cybercriminals can
trick you into clicking on their fake website by boosting their ranking in the
search engine results page (SERP) through a technique called SEO
poisoning. You might think you’re making a normal search, but actually the
cybercriminal has just taken hold of your personal information and could now
use it for criminal purposes or sell it to the black market.

Secondly, cybercriminals can spread
malware on legitimate websites by means of drive-by-downloads. Since popular
online shopping websites already receive a lot of visitors, this makes it much
easier for cybercriminals to infect a wider range of computers in a shorter
amount of time. Legitimate websites could unknowingly distribute malware to
visitors through malicious advertisements (or malvertisements) that are
run by a third party, or simply by the hacker who has taken control of the
website himself.

While the Internet
brought upon efficiency and convenience of banking for consumers, this also
gave cybercriminals or hackers a mean to potentially steal your hard-earned
cash. Cybercriminals could trick you into downloading a Trojan that would give
them a back entry to your PC, where they could then record your banking
credentials. Or, the cybercriminals could deceive you into revealing your
credentials through a phishing scam. All of this could be done via the Internet
without leaving any trace.

As we discussed the Smart Thermostat in
The Internet of Things (IoT) which can aid in reducing your energy cost, the
downside is that a hacker could exploit the hardware of the thermostat and use
it to spy on home owners. Since smart thermostats have access to information
such as when you’re home or away, your zip code, and your WiFi credentials, a
hacker who compromises the thermostat will now have access to all of this
information.

Smart thermostats aren’t the only
devices vulnerable to attacks. According to a recent study, 70 percent of
IoT devices are vulnerable to cyber-attacks. This list includes thermostats,
TVs, webcams, home alarms, and door locks- just to name a few. The truth of the
matter is that all of these devices have loopholes that could be exploited by
hackers.

All in all Internet is a good invention
and it is the need of time. Today most of the people are dependent on the
internet because it not only provides a faster way of communication but beyond
that there are a lot of uses of it.  Many
people have jobs online, some work online on websites like fiverr, freelancer
and upwork etc, to earn money and live their lives. Many Companies and
Organizations use it to deal with their clients and provide a smooth service. Many
Charity Organizations collects a huge amount of charity through their websites
using the Internet. Although there are some disadvantages of it but overall it
has proved good for us and it helps us a lot in our everyday life.

Anything can be used for both good and
bad purpose, so it depends on us that in which way we use it. Same is the thing
with the Internet, if we use it for a good purpose then it will prove good for
us, but if we use it in a bad way then it’s an ultimate weapon of Destruction.   

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