Gregor In 1856, after failing the exam to become

Gregor Mendel is most commonly known as “the father of modern genetics”, since he provided the world with the groundwork of basic knowledge of how genetics and genetic variables work. With his famous pea plant experiment, Gregor Mendel changed everything humanity knew about the scientific field of genetics. After countless experiments on different pea plants, he believed that he had cracked the code of genetic probability.Born Johann Mendel in 1822, in the small town of Heinzendorf bei Odrau in the Austrian Empire (present-day Hyncice, Czech Republic), he lived with his parents and two sisters, Veronica and Theresia Mendel, until age 18, when he studied at the University of Olomouc in mathematics, philosophy, and physics. At age 21, Mendel left the university and became a monk at the Abbey of St. Thomas, though he was more interested in botany than religion and joined the Abbey specifically to continue practicing science. It was then when he took the name Gregor.It was at the Abbey of St. Thomas where Mendel acted out the experiment that would contribute to his fame. In 1856, after failing the exam to become a high school teacher for a second time, he began the experiment, breeding 30,000 pea plants over the course of eight years. He used the offspring to see what traits would stay and how often. Using this data, he created a coefficient that could be used to accurately be used to predict the likelihood of traits using genetics. A few years after the last experiment, he published his findings, but those who read the work did not understand the relevance of the information and paid little attention to it. The use of selective breeding had been used for centuries, but many were simply not interested in learning about how and why the selected traits were passed down, which he stated in a quote that went as followed: “My scientific studies have afforded me great satisfaction; and I am convinced that it will not be long before the whole world acknowledges the results of my work.” Since Gregor Mendel experimented in a self-sufficient Abbey, his work was not affected by the American Civil War that was happening across the Atlantic Ocean. He knew that his work was a more pressing matter, despite what others seemed to think. After he died, his work was challenged ┬áby a man called R. A. Fisher in 1918, who argued that since Mendel only used ten original pea plants, his numbers were affected, and should have been a one and seven-tenths to one ratio instead of a two to one ratio. Though his numbers were slightly off, Mendel paved the way for future botanists to be able to accurately predict the phenotypes and genotypes of their test subjects.Since Mendel was not only wrapped up in his work, but also a monk, he was never married and, consequently, never had any children. He died in 1884 at age 61 from kidney inflammation. Sadly, after his death, the monks of the Abbey destroyed most of his work, so not much is known about what the experiments actually entailed. There is now a University in his name, stationed in Brno, which serves as a memorandum of his discoveries.


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