Introduction: domestic usage of edible oils varies from one

Introduction:

Indian
staple food is 60% carbohydrates, 15% proteins, 15% fats. Among fats ¾th
composition is edible oils. The change in dietary habits for the last 2-3 decades
have shown the change in ratio of omega-3 to omega-6  fatty acids from 1: 1 to 1: 20-25 because the
Indian diets are deficient in omega- 3 fatty acids. Oils of domestic
consumption are sunflower oil, safflower oil, palm oil , mustard oil etc. the
domestic usage of edible oils varies from one 
region other region in India. It was found that  consumption of sunflower oil and palm oil in
diet is relatively high in South India when compared to North, east and west
regions. Increased usage of  refined
grains and processed oils in diet increases the prevalence of metabolic
syndrome. Commonly using oils are rich in omega -6 fatty acids . According to
world Health Organization the ratio of omega 3 to omega 6 fatty acids should be
1:1, but it is 1:120 in sunflower oil. 
omega -6 poly unsaturated fatty acids 
from vegetable oils do not generate energy , gets accumulated on cell
membranes, undergoing chemical changes. Omega 6 PUFA oxidizes rapidly in body
due to favorable temperature and produces free radicals.

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 The increased intake
of omega -6 poly unsaturated fatty acids causes activation of Arachidonic acid
inturn  eicosanoid metabolism which
enhances the inflammatory reactions leading to the pathogenesis of many chronic
diseases including metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular diseases, auto immune
diseases, cancer, osteoporosis and Alziemer’s disease due to generation of free
radicals.

 

Objectives: 

To create
the proper awareness about the usage of types of edible oils for maintainance
of good health

To educate
people about the dangerous effects caused by alteration in the omega 3 &
omega 6 fatty acids ratio , and to bring awareness among the public for using
combination of various oils mainly enriched with omega-3 fatty acids which is
needed for prevention and management of metabolic syndrome leading to the
complications.

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