Introduction of the world” (Cho, 2015), because one in

Introduction            Plastic surgery has become a more common practice all over the world and it’s not for medical reasons. People get it in order to enhance their features to look better. Majority of people who goes under the knife comes from Asia, specifically from South Korea. Plastic surgery has become such a trend that even adolescents are getting the procedure.  I chose this topic to see what effect society has on adolescence causing them to have plastic surgery. I became interested in this topic after watching a lot of kdramas and listening to pop and saw that a lot od the celebrities seemed to have plastic surgery, including children.  For this research I will be considering the country South Korea. The type of research that was done was that I considered the whole idea of plastic surgery and the country that kept appearing was South Korea because it is the “plastic surgery capital of the world” (Cho, 2015), because one in five gets plastic surgery. This topic is also being investigated because as time passes by, an increasing number of children are getting plastic surgery and the fact that children are constantly watching the media which can influence them. Is it a bad thing for them to get plastic surgery? The major things I will be talking about is the history of plastic surgery, the pressure of society, and the effects.            The most common plastic surgery includes the Double eyelid (blepharoplasty), Jaw softening (V-line jaw surgery), and Rhinoplasty, according to (NewBeauty Editors, 2014). “One of the most popular procedures done on Asian women is eyelid surgery. Such a large percentage of Asians are born without a fold or crease in the upper lid, which they really want”, according to doctor Youn (NewBeauty Editors, 2014). What the Double eyelid procedure des for an individual is make their eyes look bigger and more defined. For the V-line jaw surgery, “An oval shaped or V-shaped face has always been considered attractive, soft and feminine”, according to Dr. Lay, (NewBeauty Editors, 2014). The V-Line jaw surgery gives you a smooth, younger looking face that most Asian women seek. For the Rhinoplasty “We can augment the bridge to give it a nice profile from the side view as well as more definition and shadowing from an anterior view.”, according to Dr. Lay, (NewBeauty Editors, 2014). The Rhinoplasty gives the individual a narrower nose with more projection due to the fact that they generally have wide and flat noses.     Society and the media have an effect on adolescents because of the fact that they are exposed to it on a daily basis. There is a plethora of ways that South Korea attract audiences to want them to obtain plastic surgery because of the heavy advertisements. “Large scale media advertising in South Korea has been reinforcing the importance of appearance, molding Korea to an image obsessed society” (Wang, 2015). If you go to South Korea, you’ll see an abundance in advertisements in subway stations and in billboards. These things were put there to influence you to get plastic surgery and if an individual doesn’t get the procedure then they would be considered less then. Because of wanting to fit in people go and obtain plastic surgery.The history of plastic surgery in South Korea    Plastic surgery was first used to help heal wounded soldiers or soldiers with deformities during the Korean-American war in the 1950s. Under the military dictatorship in 1961, there was push for economic development and plastic surgery was their best bet. Between 1980- 1999, plastic surgery began to be popularized and helped the economy surge by eight percent annually. Plastic surgery became “a form of ordinary shopping”, (Leem, 2015). “power. Given the economic development and political stability of this period, plastic surgery and other beauty treatments became part of middle-class culture”, (Leem, 2015) and became a more sophisticated practice. In the early 2000s, South Korea began industrializing plastic surgery, which made it become known as the place for it. The industrialization of plastic surgery was beneficial to the Korean people and the government because it created jobs for the people as the economy was collapsing. As demands for plastic surgery was becoming more popular, more clinics went up, especially in Gangnam, which became known as the “beauty belt”, as there are over 500 cosmetic clinics (Medtrip, 2016). Because of the Korean Wave, the globalization of South Korean culture through K-Dramas, K-pop, and films in other Asian countries, Plastic surgery became an eye opener for the Korean government, as it became a major source of national income and served as a replacement for manufacturing industries.    The most desired plastic surgery procedures are the double eyelid, rhinoplasty, and jaw augmentation are for a reason. Between 1910 and 1945, Korea has fallen under the control of Japan colonists there was heavy exploitation and many of them faced extremely harsh brutalities. The Japanese government deliberately wanted to annihilate any trait of Korean culture and integrate Japanese culture. The Japanese government forced the Koreans to join the military, worship at Shrines, speak Japanese, because “every attempt at preserving Korean identity was discouraged” (Wang, 2015). The conflict between the two countries caused the Korean people the despise the Japanese people and they wanted to separate themselves and “sought for a national identity”, (Pai, 2013). Na Se-jin, an anthropologist, differentiated the Korean people from the Japanese people by stating that the Koreans resembled Western culture of Europeans and white Americans. In order to differentiate themselves from the Asian culture, they sought out Western features, such as the double eyelid surgery, which was first popularized by the surgeon Dr. David Ralph Millard. Getting plastic surgery gave them a new meaning to who they were.The Media’s Beauty Standards    In the media a person, especially for a female, is viewed as the perfect person, not because of their actions, but rather their beauty. What does beauty mean to the South Koreans? Having the perfect eyes and the perfect nose and the perfect face determines your social status because you have the money to achieve something like that. Something that emphasizes on beauty standard are K-pop and K-Drama, but notably, K-pop. K-pop is a way of getting South Korea on the chart in terms of music. “K-pop industry features flashy performances, dancing, celebrity stage shows” (Wang, 2015), and through this they are able to grasp an international recognition, but this is not the only thing that they are selling. They are also selling “their flawlessly chiseled appearance” (Wang,2015). In order to accepted by an international society, you need to give a first good impression, and the first thing people usually notice about an individual is their looks. If they are appealing to the eye than they would be accepted so this is one reason why beauty is heavily addressed.     Majority of the people that listens to K-pop are between the ages of 13-24, which accounts for 77.1 percent of all K-pop listeners (Reddit, 2016). “Media influence on teenagers… advertising is often directed at children and teenagers.”, (Raising Children Network, 2017) as they become more aware of brands and images. Media indirectly affects the children because it makes them think that this is the way to look in order to be accepted into society. K-pop can be seen as an advertisement for plastic surgery because plastic surgery is prevalent amongst K-pop idols, weather it be the basic double eyelid and rhinoplasty, or even. jaw augmentation, in order to succeed in the K-pop industry. The plastic surgery world is rapidly growing “because of its connection to the entertainment world” (Francis, 2013). A lot of agencies gets discounts from plastic surgery clinics by advertising their surgeries, meaning that a lot of K-pop idols will be getting plastic surgeries. The appreciation of celebrities drives plastic surgery.    Many children look up to their idols, they want to achieve the same goal as them: to look pretty. Because of this, they go and get plastic surgery. When going into clinics, patients will bring magazines with them to show the doctor and says, “I want the eyes of whoever, I want the nose of whoever. Please make my nose into the style of this star”, (Francis, 2013). They look up to their idols, believing that they are the definition of beautiful, and wants to be like them or else they will feel less then.

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