Introduction: see are caused by different mixtures of red,

      Introduction: We use colors so often in our lives, we can forget how important color truly is… but what if we were unable to identify colors that we see every day? (Neitz, P. M) Color blindness is the inability to differentiate specific colors. This is due to a genetic mutation that affects the retina. It is usually an inherited trait, but individuals have also been known to experience color blindness due to chemical imbalances or eye injuries. In the world, “about 8% of all men and about 0.5% of all women are suffering from color blindness” (Georgiev, D. (n.d.). Statistics.).  Studies have found that the commonest forms of congenital color vision deficiency (also known as color blindness) are inherited in an X-linked recessive manner (Simunovic, M. P. (2009, November 20). Colour vision deficiency.).Our eyes have the capability to identify three primary colors; red, blue, and yellow. All of the other colors that we see are caused by different mixtures of red, blue, and yellows. Individuals who deal with color blindness cannot see one or more of these color groups.Explanation of why color blindness happens      Parts of our eye, called cones are responsible recognizing color. People with normal vision have three different types of cones, each of them are all responsible different primary colors. Without particular cones, we can experience a lack of specific colors; which can be one causes of color blindness. Men are more likely to be color blind because of the way color blindness is inherited. The gene for the trait is located on the X chromosome. Men have one X chromosome and women have two, which means that the chances for men to inherit the color blindness gene is greater than women inheriting it (E., E., Sue, S., C., E., Yuzik, R., . . . E. (n.d.). Color Blindness – Inherited Or Acquired Defect). The rarest forms of color blindness are A-Typical Monochromatism and Mono-Chromatism, which are the two that will be focused on in this paper. Monochromatic/ A-Typical Monochromatic vision:Those with monochromatic vision, also known as color blindness, have no cones at all. Because of this, they have do not have the ability to see colors and have no color judgment at all. Something to compare monochromatic vision to would be watching an old black and white movie (“Types of Colour Blindness.” Colour Blind Awareness). Whereas somebody with A-Typical monochromatic vision has only one type of cone and can only see one color and a variety of shades from that same color spectrum. This form is even more rare than the “typical” monochromatic.Dichromatic vision:          Another form of color blindness is known as Dichromatism. People with di-chromatic vision only have two types of cones which are able to perceive color and have a tendency to confuse red, green, and some gray colors. The most common way of explaining this condition is to say that people who have it lack the ability to see color, but it has been discovered that it is a specific section of the light spectrum which can’t be perceived. We know these areas of the light spectrum ‘red’, ‘green’ or ‘blue'(RGB). The sections of the light spectrum which the ‘red’ and ‘green’ cones recognizes overlap and this is why red and green color vision deficiencies are often known as red/green color blindness and why people with red and green deficiencies see the world in a similar way (“Types of Colour Blindness.” Colour Blind Awareness). People with both red and green color deficiencies view a world of greens that are muted and where blue and yellow shades stand out the most. Browns, oranges, reds and greens are usually the most easily confused colors. Both types of color blindness will confuse blues with purples and both types will struggle to recognize light shades of most colors. (“Types of Colour Blindness.” Colour Blind Awareness).  

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