IntroductionThe Pacific. Lastly, D-day the invasion that will change

IntroductionThe battles that are going to be compared to see which influenced Germany’s defeat lead by the allies. With the battle of Stalingrad the famous battle in world war 2 framed by historians to be the turning point of the war. Then the battle of midway an important battle that would decide the naval power In the Pacific. Lastly, D-day the invasion that will change the fate of Europe. This question is important because this war had erupted into a world war causing so much suffering due to the actions of the Nazis. It’s is important to know when or what changed the tides of war against the Nazis leading to the victory of the Allies. The battle of Stalingrad is the main battle that helped turn the tides of war against the Nazis. With the end of the war came many changes that changed international policies that would make sure that a World war would never happen again with countries creating the United Nations that would meet to solve major world problem and Unite major countries to fight against threats that would threaten the peace that many men sacrificed their lives to secure.The Battle of Stalingrad casualties with the Soviets recovering  250,000 German and Romanian corpses in the city of Stalingrad, and total axis injured and dead are believed to have been more than 800,000 dead, wounded, missing, or captured. Of the 91,000 soldiers who surrendered, only about 5,000–6,000 ever returned back to their homes. With the rest of the captured soldiers have died in Soviet prison and labor camps. On the Soviet side, the Russian military historians estimate about  1,100,000 Red Army dead, wounded, missing, or captured in the campaign to defend the city. With an estimation of 40,000 civilians died as well. The battle showed the immense casualties between the two countries who fought to either capture or defend the keypoint city of Stalingrad. Then with being D-day the biggest invasion with 850,000 men and 150,000 vehicles in the shores of Normandy In the next weeks the Allies consisting of  Australia, Canada, Belgium, France, Czechoslovakia, Greece, New Zealand, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, the United Kingdom, and the United States, fought their way across the Normandy countryside facing the  determined German defenders, as well as a dense landscape of marshes and hedgerows. By the end of June, the Allies had captured the vital port of Cherbourg, landing approximately 850,000 men and 150,000 vehicles in Normandy. While in Asia the Battle of Midway casualties the Americans navies sank about four fleet carriers of  Akagi, Kaga, Soryu, and Hiryu, with 322 aircraft and over five thousand Japanese sailors. The Japanese also lost the heavy cruiser Mikuma. American losses included 147 aircraft and more than three hundred seamen. This paper is going to prove that the Battle of Stalingrad influenced the defeat of the Germans during World war 2 comparing the battle with of major battles like D-day and the Battle of Midway.Section 1: Battle of StalingradThe battle of Stalingrad proved that the powerful German army could be defeated seen from the poor planning for the harsh winters and cunning vitality of the Russian army. The loss of a complete German army has affected the action of the Wehrmacht. USSR was able to highlight its numerical superiority and encircle 290, 000 troopers following the conclusion of Operation Uranus. the city was a white inferno, within which end belonged to the one World Health Organization was able to adapt their methods to circumstances on the bottom.There was fighting over not simply each street, however each house, each entrance and each flat. Before the war, the population of Stalingrad was about four hundred thousand. Being home to a key port and the main industrialization of Russian weaponry and armor. Also because the city holds the name of the leader of the USSR, Joseph Stalin, Hitler took particular interest in capturing the city as a personal hit on the Soviet leader German commanders regarded it as the way station on the way to the Caucasus oil fields. solely later did the town mesmerize the eye of either side. With excellent apprehension, German commanders like Erich von Manstein later blame Adolf Hitler for seeking 2 divergent objectives—Stalingrad and therefore the Caucasus—thereby making a confused command structure. actually, the dictator’s conceive to supervise the campaign in person was impractical. Stalin likewise placed great importance on holding the city to prevent Hitler from capturing the city carrying his name. Stalingrad was a key city to the Russian industry that will cripple their military and economy if not defended. Also being the key city the loss of Stalingrad would demoralize the Russian troops thus ending the war early for the USSR. Then On September 3, 1942, the German Sixth Army under Paulus reached the outskirts of Stalingrad, having the expectation of capturing the city in short time.In the plans developed by the Nazi leadership, the capture of Stalingrad was a secondary endpoint within the occupation of the Caucasus oil fields and therefore the elimination of the Red Army within the south. But the Russians have been preparing their defenses with constant reinforcements holding the city. The general, V. I. Chuikov, took command of the main defending force, the Sixty-second Army, while Marshal Georgi K. Zhukov a very well known general, planned a counter-offensive against the German attack. This showed the Germans that their overconfidence would lead them to their defeats seen from the poor planning of the generals underestimating the Russians who have been preparing against an assault readying themselves to protect the city All this was within the future in April 1942. when the nightmare of winter warfare, the Wehrmacht began to regain its confidence in conjunction with new reinforcements. though their forces were currently weaker than those of 1941, most German commanders were still assured that they might close up the Red Army in 1942. In mid-November, As the stalled German soldiers were running out of supplies of food and ammunition leading with  Zhukov launching his counteroffensive to encircle the enemy cutting them off the main force and supply lines and overpower their troops occupying the major part of Stalingrad. At this point, the Germans probably could have fought their way out of the encirclement, but Hitler would not allow them to: they were ordered to hold their ground at all costs with trying to supply the trapped troops by air. Air Marshal Hermann Goring promised to resupply the Sixth Army from the air but proved unable to do so. As winter set in, Field Marshal Erich von Manstein mounted a rescue mission but was stopped by many problems of the winter, the freezing and starving Germans in Stalingrad were forbidden to try to reach their would-be rescuers. On February 2, 1943, General Paulus surrendered the remaining soldiers in his army of about some 91,000 men. About 150,000 Germans had died in the fighting. German didn’t plan for the winter to which the Russian had the advantage of fighting in their own lands with their troops knowing the layout of the city. Seen as the German armies weren’t prepared for the intense cold temperatures, many soldiers died before the Russians executed their counter-offensive. Hitler showed that his feud with Stalin affected the outcome of the battle. If he would have surrendered then the battle this would have given them the chance to regroup and secure Stalingrad and attack the city another time minimizing the casualties taken. With the Russian morale increased from defeating the all mighty German Army proved that the Germans can be defeated resulting the demoralization of the German army and criticism on Hitler’s planning and leadership. The Soviet victory at Stalingrad was a great humiliation for Hitler, who had elevated the battle’s importance in the German campaign. With Hitler becoming more distrustful than ever of his generals. While Stalin, on the other hand, gained confidence in his military, which followed up Stalingrad with an advance and remained largely on the offensive for the rest of the war. This humiliation would affect Hitler’s future battle as he lost all trust in his commanders to fully plan his later future battle and this obstructed the German war effort since it was mostly Hitler planning the whole war while ignoring the commanders that were much more professional than Hitler himself since these men were trained to lead  and plan a war. This was the major turning point of the war as German armies numbers were reduced from relentless defense and counter attacks by the Russians that turned the tides against Germany losing many soldiers in the battle resulting in the exhaustion of troops. This meant that the  German army had lost so many soldiers during the battle of Stalingrad it would decrease future successions of winning the war.Section 2: D-DayThe invasion of Normandy or D-Day influenced the defeat of Germany during World War 2.The Allied invasion of Western Europe was called by the code-named Operation Overlord. It required two years of planning, training for the huge assault supplied by both the  United States and Great Britain, and was one of the most heavily secret plans Preparations for the invasion were created underneath extreme secrecy. because the tension mounted, panic smote in the late night 1944, once a crossword within the London Daily Telegraph contained a number of the most codewords in its resolution Neptune, the first name for Overlord; Overlord; Omaha; Utah; Mulberry; and Whale, the name given to pontoons on the floating piers heads. The puzzle had been made by 2 retired school teachers their loyalty was on the far side reproach and who couldn’t perceive what all the fuss was regarding. This was the largest invasion during World War 2. This mission was very important, Since if successful the Allies can now get into Europe and fight the Germans of France and defeat the Germans to end the war. This operation was highly prepared for since they needed the way in Europe to drop the Allied troops and advance to liberate Europe from the German occupation. During some time an armada of 300 landing craft, 2500 ships, and 500 naval vessels left English seaports crossed the narrow strip of the sea to the German-controlled beaches of Normandy, France. While during the night 822 aircraft flew over carrying parachutists deployed troops behind enemy lines and landing points in Normandy which were the five main key points with the code names of Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno, and Sword. Royal Air Force night bombers were to destroy shore defenses throughout the predawn hours. Those attacks were to be followed by US significant and medium bombers that might begin placing at dawn. a minimum of forty minutes of daylight was assigned for the bombers to destroy enemy defenses before the large ground assault. The navy would use morning lightweight to pinpoint the fireplace of its massive guns on enemy emplacements. armed service shot was to be the most covering support for the landings.With the number of soldiers and vehicles needed for this invasion showed the evidence that this operation a crucial battle for winning the war against the Germans.  About 156,000 soldiers consisting of American, British, and Canadian forces landed on the beaches of Normandy stretching about a 50 mile stretch of heavily defended and fortified beaches. Seen a the largest amphibious military assaults in history and required careful planning. Prior to D-day, the allies executed a large deception plan to mislead the Germans about the location of the Invasion. The number of soldiers sent to capture the 50-mile beach was about 156,000 needed to also secure the beach and Normandy. The Germans saw this a must defend spot if they ever break through this would lead the Allies to gain a chance to enter Europe and Help European allies to fight against the Germans especially France’s liberation later on August 25, 1944. This means that an invasion is the only way to change the course of the war and liberate  Europe with a surprise attack but the shores were well defended with German troops and flak emplacements to halt the invasion. The Normandy invasion began to turn the course of the war the allies favor with a way for Allied troops to enter Europe. It also prevented Hitler from sending troops from France to build up his Eastern Front against the advancing Soviets thus liberating France. On May 8, 1945, the Allies accepted the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany. Hitler had committed suicide a week earlier, on April 30. This battle has seen an ending point of World war 2 with the Allies entering Europe liberating France from German occupation while advancing towards Berlin to finally stop the war. With D-day casualties being over 425,000 Allied and German were killed or missing. And Half of the main casualties were Allied forces for when they invaded the beaches being shot down even before reaching the beaches.Section 3: Battle of MidwayThe battle of Midway influenced the defeat of the Germans during World War 2. The attack on the harbor was masterminded by the Japanese Admiral Yamamoto. a powerful advocate of aviation, he had been instrumental in militarisation the Japanese military service air force with powerful and long very craft, similarly as serving to facilitate the development of the world’s largest the fleet—ten carriers at the beginning of the war.  The overall Japanese arrange entailed the fighters to comb in, and if the command of the air was achieved, to attack and strafe the air installations. Then torpedo planes would attack the craft carriers gift with torpedoes with special fins permitting them to work within the shallow waters of the harbour. Dive bombers would then roar in to destroy the carriers so they might not probably be salvaged because the Italian battleships at Taranto had been. If carriers weren’t gifted, then the planes would attack the battleships.One of Japan’s main goals throughout World war 2 was to get rid of us as a Pacific power so as to realize territory in East Asia and therefore the southwest Pacific islands. Japan hoped to defeat the U.S. Pacific Fleet and use Midway as a base to attack seaport, securing dominance within the region then forcing a negotiated peace. Japan was a very strong ally for Germany being able to hold the Asian countries with its Strong naval power also holding against the U.S while Germany takes Europe while Japan takes Asia for itself. Even for Japan being a very small country compared to the other European countries was able to militarize itself and created ships enough to match the American naval power. A Magic intercept discovered that the Japanese were going to launch a significant assault against the island of Midway (called Operation MI). Admiral Nimitz reasoned that if Midway were bolstered and ready to defend against such assault that it might be repulsed. The fighting opened with U.S fighters destruction 2 Kates in associate attack from on top of. Most of the Marine fighters returned one pass before the escorting Zeros roared into them. sadly for the Marines that day, they learned that the Wildcat may well be associate capable the formidable Japanese fighter, however, the lumbering overweight Buffalo was associate only too simple target for the enemy. Lieutenant Charles Hughes same of the Buffalo fighters that it “looked like they were tied to a string whereas the Zeros created passes at them.” Of the twenty-five fighters that rose that The U.S. planes quickly sank 3 of the serious Japanese carriers and one serious cruiser. within the late afternoon U.S. planes disabled the fourth serious carrier, however, its craft had badly broken the U.S. carrier Yorktown The siege eventually was abandoned. the subsequent day there was discussion and makes an attempt to bring her into port with a little salvage party. Progress was being created once the Japanese sub I-168 pink-slipped four torpedoes. One missed, 2 went beneath the destroyer Hammann lying aboard and hit the siege. On Gregorian calendar month half-dozen a Japanese submarine fatally torpedoed the Yorktown associated an escorting US destroyer; that day a Japanese serious cruiser was washed-up. the Japanese, however, afraid of the loss of their carriers, had already begun a general retirement on the night of Gregorian calendar month 4–5 while not making an attempt to land on Midway.  With this defeat, the Japanese advancement in the Pacific was stopped and even though outnumbered by the Japanese ships the Americans was able to sink 3 carriers and a heavy cruiser while only losing one carrier. This marked the turning point of the Pacific war with later the defeat of the Japanese would mean one less ally for Germany and giving the Americans the opportunity to come and join the Allies in Europe to go against the Germans. Over following 2 days, the U.S country troops bewildered and on Midway continued their attacks, forcing the Japanese to abandon the battle and retreat. the Japanese lost close to three,057 men, four carriers, one cruiser, and many craft, whereas we lost close to 362 men, one carrier, one destroyer, and a hundred and forty-four craft. This important North American country ending stopped the expansion of Japan within the Pacific and place us during a position to start shrinking the Japanese empire through a years-long series of island-hopping invasions and a number of other even larger service battles. This battle led to the defeat of Germany’s strongest ally. This showed that the Axis has lost control over Asia after Japan’s navy was destroyed by the US. Now with the allies controlling the seas now have changed the course letting the US in the war in Europe supporting the Allies in Europe.    From the comparison of all the battles, the battle of Stalingrad came to be the most significant battle that leads to the defeat of Germany in World war 2. Seen through the three battle resulted in many casualties with Stalingrad having the most of 8000,000 soldiers for both the USSR and the Nazi Germans. Even though D-Day ended and liberated German power in France then advancing to Berlin ending with Hitler committing suicide and thus ending World war 2. The battle of Midway and Stalingrad showed to be more of the crippling result against the Germans. With Stalingrad, the Germans lost their main numbers of highly trained soldiers because of unplanned commitment of Hitler towards defeating Stalin by capturing the city of Stalingrad that if taken by the Germans would result in the Russians losing the war and Germany able to strengthen its western front against the Allies. While Midway came to be the end of a strong ally that held the US from coming to Europe. Since the Japanese had militarized itself making of that date’s biggest naval power comparing equally to the US Navy. With Germany taking over all of Europe and the Japanese taking all of Asia. Up until they’ve lost the battle of Midway that crippled and destroyed  Japan’s major Naval ships. This resulted for the U.S to gain control over the Pacific oceans and liberated major Asian countries from Japanese occupation. With the Japanese defeated this resulted in the entry of the U.S  against the Germans giving their full support of the Allies and sending to troops to reinforce the western fronts that had been attacked by the Germans. But even though D-day ended the war it also turned it to be the last major battle to be fought over. With major countries uniting to invade a very important point as an entry to Europe and liberation of other European countries for Germany. If the defense would have held in the Beaches of Normandy It would result in the delay of ending the war and resulting in the allied troops unable to support Allied troops in Europe.

x

Hi!
I'm Mack!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out