Pharmaceuticals create the treatments that could save millions of

Pharmaceuticals are an essential for daily life. They are the compounds manufacturers use to create medicinal treatment. Throughout the past couple of decades, major medical breakthroughs have been made, including those in the medicine itself. With the process beginning with new proteins being developed for testing and ending with the approval of a new drug, pharmaceutical scientists create the treatments that could save millions of lives. Not only are are pharmaceuticals made for treatment, but also in “the diagnosis… the prevention of disease… and for restoring, correcting, and modifying organic functions,” (Pharmaceutical, 2014). With all of its amazing feats, the pharmaceutical industry is truly a major advancement in today’s technology. The pharmaceutical industry appears to have taken root when apothecaries went into wholesale with quinine, morphine, and strychnine, along with when dye and chemical companies started to fund research labs and found that their products could be used for medical purposes. Between 1830 and 1880, apothecaries began to sprout businesses all over Europe and in the United States, most of which were formerly known for their dye industry. According to pubs.acs.org, the “merging of these two types of firms into an identifiable pharmaceutical industry took place in conjunction with the emergence of pharmaceutical chemistry and pharmacology as scientific fields at the end of the 19th century,” (Emergence of Pharmaceutical Science and Industry: 1870-1930). In the 19th century, it was already known that plant-based concentrates could be extracted for traditional remedies, which lead to quinine and morphine, but in the 20th century, pharmaceutical scientists used the same extraction method for epinephrine, the first hormone to be extracted. By the time of World War I, the industry had been forced to switch gears from study to create. Due to blockaides, American chemists had to take on German methods for creation of basic care medicine. After World War I and nearing the time of World War II, There was a boom in pharmaceutical development. From new methods to new inventions, the industry had met its prime. Scientists had even made cure for the dreadful, and life threatening tuberculosis, diphtheria, and pneumonia; however, every golden era has its decline. The decline of the pharmaceutical industry was was in the 1960s-80s, where turmoil came from dangerous drugs and excessive laws. Authority was changing and a new generation was taking over. Tings did eventually settle down, and laws became less overbearing.  With these new guidelines in place, the companies picked themselves back up and continued forward. Today, pharmaceutical companies have made treatments for diseases such as cancer, AIDS, and HIV, and continue to make technological and medical advancements. Moving into the atual pharmaceutical development process,  Laurenza Fusi compares the system to the life of a person, with each step being a new phase of life. The stages she calls “Infancy… Childhood…Adolescence… Adulthood… and the Old Age” (A Pharmaceutical Drug Development-From An Idea To The Market, 2017). The beginning stage is where developers study a disease and try to find a target point to attack with the medication. The second stage is simulation. This is done using algorithms on a computer program, or with high throughput screening. The third stage is laboratory testing. This is where scientist put their theories into trial by using biological atmosphere models and by using animal models. They measure toxicity, strength and dosage, and then test this on animals to see the actual metabolic results. The fourth, and possibly most important step is clinical trial. In these trials, Pharmaceutical scientists test for side effects and pull out bad drugs. They then test the remaining medication on individuals with this disease (with their consent) with different doses. The drug that does the best is then tested on a large scale and often is monitored in hospitals to be sure the drug is safe to sell. Finally the new medicine is to be approved by safety officials such as the Federal Drug Administration (FDA), and sent to be marketed. This process may be long but is crucial to keeping the public healthy and safe. Although there are many great benefits to new pharmaceutical

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