Puerto vary according to elevation and exposure to rain-bearing

 Puerto Rico is a beautiful large Caribbean island that is located in North America. The capital of Puerto Rico is San Juan. Puerto Rico is one-fifth as large as the Dominican Republic.It is roughly rectangular in shape. This island has a tropical climate with little seasonal variation, although due to it being surrounded by the coast conditions vary according to elevation and exposure to rain-bearing winds. On the bad note, Puerto Rico does get a lot of rainfall. That doesn’t stop people from visiting Puerto Rico’s major cities. The biggest major city is the capital San Juan, which has a very high population of 342,237. Other major cities from the highest population to the lowest population are Bayamòn, Carolina, Ponce, Caguas, Guaynabo, and Mayagüez having the lowest population of 66,581. People also visit Puerto Rico not just for vacation or it’s major cities but for its major landmarks. Puerto Rico has 5 Major landmarks with the first being Castillo San Felipe del morro. This landmark has been standing since 1540. Another one is Iglesia Porta Coeli which is the second oldest city. Tibes and Caguana contains very historic ceremonies. Observatorio de arecibo is home to the world’s largest radio telescope. Last but not least is Bahia Mosquito. This landmark is filled with a species of phosphorescent dynoflagellate, making the water glow. It’s a very beautiful sight to see particularly in the dark. There are three main ethnic groups in Puerto Rico. The Taino Indians whom most of them left after the Spanish conquest, black Africans who were imported as slaves under the Spanish rule & then the Spanish people themselves. There is also and admixture of Dutch, English, Corsicans, and other Europeans. The language spoken in Puerto Rico is very common it’s just English and Spanish. The currency in Puerto Rico is also the United States dollar. They don’t really have a religion but in Puerto Rico Roman Catholic is practiced. Puerto Rico has a population size of 3,658,047 as of 2017. Although Puerto Rico has many different attractions and many different beautiful sightseeing places, they also have many big festival bashes. They celebrate christmas but one big festival that they celebrate is called Three Kings Day or , El Dia de los Tres Reyes Magos. This big festival is held on January 6. In Puerto Rico this island tradition calls for children to place grass in a box and to put it at the end of their bed so that the three kings camel will have something to eat before they return back home. Puerto Rico’s HistoryPuerto Rico was founded by Christopher Columbus in 1493. Originally called San Juan Bautista, Puerto Rico got its name from “rich port”  based off of the gold that they found in the river. Due to the large shift of tectonic plates that sank some areas and pushed others upward, Puerto Rico was formed alongside with other small islands. Puerto Rico began to produce cattle, sugar cane, coffee, and tobacco which led to the importation of slaves from Africa. Puerto Rico has the same political status as the United States of America. They have self governing common health in association with the United States. Ricardo Rossellò is the head of their government. Puerto Rico has fought alongside the American colonist in the Revolutionary war. They also helped in World War I, World War II, the Korean War & the Vietnam War. Puerto Rico’s Culture Foods and Some Drinks.    Puerto Rican cooking is often compared to Spanish, Cuban and Mexican cuisine, it is a unique tasty blend of Spanish, African, Taíno, and American influences, using original seasonings and ingredients such as coriander, papaya, cacao, nispero, apio, plantains, and yampee. When Ponce de León arrived with Columbus in 1493, the Spanish people added beef, pork, rice, wheat, and olive oil to their menu. Soon after, the Spanish began planting sugarcane and importing slaves from Africa, who brought with them okra and taro known in Puerto Rico as yautia. The mix of flavors and ingredients passed from generation to generation among the different ethnic groups that settled on the island, developing in the foreign blend of today’s Puerto Rican cuisine.Lunch and dinner mainly began with very hot appetizers such as bacalaitos, crunchy cod fritters, surullitos, sweet plump cornmeal fingers, empanadillas, and crescent-shaped turnovers filled with lobster, crab, conch, or beef.Soups are a popular beginning for meals on Puerto Rico. A classic soup is sopon de pollo con arroz -chicken soup with rice, and not every restaurant or person does it the same. One traditional method of preparing this soup is to use large pieces of pumpkin and diced potatoes or yautias. The third classic soup is sopon de pescado, it is prepared with the head and tail of the fish still intact. This soup differ from restaurant to restaurant and not everyone does it the same. It is made with garlic and spices plus onions and tomatoes, the flavor enhanced by a tiny dash of vinegar and a half cup of sherry. Another soup is Caldo Gallego and it is prepared with salt pork, white beans, ham, and berzas which are collard greens and the whole kettle is flavored with spicy chorizos which are spanish sausages. Also, Garbanzos known as chickpeas are often added to give flavor, body, and texture to Puerto Rican soups. One of the most real form of this is sopon de garbanzos con patas de cerdo which is chickpea soup with pig’s feet. Into this kettle is added a variety of ingredients, including pumpkin, chorizos, salt pork, chile peppers, cabbage, potatoes, tomatoes, and fresh cilantro leaves. The most traditional Puerto Rican dish is asopao, a hearty gumbo made with either chicken or shellfish. Every Puerto Rican has his or her own recipe for asopao. Asopao de pollo is made with a whole chicken, which is then flavored with spices such as oregano, garlic, and paprika, along with salt pork, cured ham, green peppers, chile peppers, onions, cilantro, olives, tomatoes, chorizos, and pimientos. For a final touch, green peas or asparagus might be added. Adobo and sofrito which is blends of herbs and spices that give many of the native foods their distinctive taste and color comes from Puerto Rico. Adobo, made by crushing together peppercorns, oregano, garlic, salt, olive oil, and lime juice or vinegar, is rubbed into meats before they are roasted. Sofrito, a mixture of onions, garlic, coriander, and peppers browned in either olive oil or land and colored with achiote. Stews are very popular in Puerto Rico no matter the weather it is usually cooked in a caldero or heavy kettle. A popular one is carne guisada puertorriqueña which means Puerto Rican beef stew. The ingredients that flavor the chunks of beef differ depending on the cook. These might include green peppers, sweet chile peppers, onions, garlic, cilantro, potatoes, olives stuffed with pimientos, or capers. Seeded raisins may be added on occasion. Puerto Ricans also like dishes such as sesos empanados meaning breaded calf’s brains, riñones guisados which are calfs kidney, and lengua rellena which is stuffed beef tongue. A festive island dish is lechón asado which is barbecued pig, which is usually cooked for a party of 12 or 15. It is traditional for picnics and all types of parties. The pig is basted with jugo de naranjas agría which is sour orange juice and achiote coloring. Green plantains are peeled and roasted over hot stones, then served with the barbecued pig as a side dish. Puerto Ricans adore chicken and we put all types of seasonings in our chicken and serve chicken with almost everything we cook. Arroz con pollo which is chicken with rice  is the most popular chicken dish on the Puerto Rican island. Tostones which are fried green breadfruit slices accompany most meat, fish, or poultry dishes served on the island.Tostones which are made with plantains, the plantains seems to be the most popular side dish served on the island. Plantains are a variety of banana that cannot be eaten raw. They are much strarchy in texture that ordinary bananas and are harvested while green, then baked, fried, or boiled. When made into tostones, they are usually served as a appetizer with before-dinner drinks and Fried to a deep golden-yellow. Desserts usually include some form of flan which is a custard. It is a portion of guava jelly with queso blanco. Chefs take the bountiful harvest of Puerto Rican fruits and create any number of desserts, including orange layer cake, banana cupcakes, and guava cake. The most delicious dessert may be a freshly prepared fruit cocktail. the pumpkin, which grows in abundance on Puerto Rico, is used not only to flavor soups and as a side vegetable, but also to make the succulent base of a traditional Puerto Rican cake. Coconut is probably the most common dessert ingredient. Many delectable desserts are made with its milk leche de coco, including coconut flan, coconut cream desserts, crunchy coconut squares, coconut with meringue, and candied coconut rice. Puerto Ricans make a number of preserves and jellies. Finish your meal with strong, black, aromatic Puerto Rican coffee, which has been produced in the island’s high-altitude interior for more than 300 years. Originally imported from the nearby Dominican Republic, coffee is still among the island’s exports and is a satisfactory ending for any well-presented meal. Rum is the national drink, and you can buy it in almost any shade. Puerto Rico is the world’s leading rum producer; 80% of the rum consumed in the United States comes from the island. It is believed that Ponce de León introduced rum to Puerto Rico during his governorship in 1508.Puerto Rico’s Education Puerto Rico has four different types of education systems. Puerto Rico has a primary education system which is an American model that is compulsory ranged from ages 5 to 18. Their secondary education completes the final 7 years of PR’s (Puerto Rico) pre tertiary education program. The state curriculum is basic, but children of wealthier parents often attend private schools. They have vocational education/adult education which is in the hands of private firms where a variety of programs are available in larger urban areas. There is Tertiary education which are a variety of post secondary colleges and universities in Puerto Rico. Some colleges and universities are state controlled while others are privately owned. The oldest university in Puerto Rico is the University of Puerto Rico which was built in 1906 in Rio Pedro’s San Juan. This university includes a lot of faculties such as architecture, business administration communication, education, humanities, informational sciences and technologies, law, natural sciences planning & social studies.Conclusion I chose to do Puerto Rico for my senior project because I am half Hispanic & I felt as though that this would be a good way to learn more about this country since I’ve never been there before. My mother & my grandmother and mostly half of my family is from Puerto Rico. I also have family that lives in Puerto Rico and they just went through that hurricane that they had. What I found Interesting about this country is that not only do they have beautiful sightseeing places, they also have beautiful landmarks. It was very interesting to find out that they fought in plenty of wars with us Americans. I am glad that I studied this country so that when I do plan on taking a trip to Puerto Rico I will already know more about the island.

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