The the two countries to take control over Korea.

The Korean War is the first intense conflict of the “Cold War”. A period of political and ideological confrontation between the US and the USSR that occurred worldwide between 1945 and 1991. Each side of Korea was invaded by different troops of different political powers. USSR and US divided the country by the 38th parallel; an artificial separation with antagonist ideologies. The division was supposed to be temporarily, but after no agreement of reunification had done, the two Korea’s had declared themselves independent republics due to their incompatibility. With the innervation of the USSR and US in Korea, various conflicts came along resulting in a bloody civil war that separated its inhabitants, devastated the country, and along with that a cause of various of deaths.Korea had been an area of conflict for a long time. Korea firstly started of being ruled by the Chinese, however, during a war between both countries, the Japanese took over the country. By the 1910’s Korea was occupied and annexed by Japan (Hahn). Japan was an imperialist country at the time and so influenced various Koreans decisions. So, by August 8, 1945, during the last moments of the World War II, USSR took an action in order to liberate Korea from the Japanese control ( Hahn). On August 10, 1945, US entered in Korea with the same pretext. Americans knew the intention of the Soviets in the country and so fearing that communism would expand at a great speed they responded in the next two days. With the USSR and US involvement, Japan surrendered unconditionally, leading to a great conflict and turmoil in Korea. The end of the war resulted in a political confusion that allowed the two countries to take control over Korea. They divided on the Northside claimed to be the communist party and the Southside that was claimed to be nationalist, in which they agreed to follow the 38th parallel as two independent countries led by USSR and US. This artificial separation separated many of the habitats related to the political powers behavior.  USSR was violent and cruel to their soldiers; various suffered many atrocities in the hands of the Soviets. Bill Shinn was a suspect from USSR violence and so left North Korea living his whole family behind  (“The Forgotten War Remembered: Korea, 1950-1953). Just as Bill Shinn left North Korea to South Korea, about one million civilians who lived in North Korea at the time became refugees in the south within a year (“The Forgotten War Remembered: Korea, 1950-1953). The division of Korea into two powerful dictatorial states of antagonist ideologies resulted in the division of Korean families and the loss of their former identity and mannerism,  forming a Cold War front between US and USSR.  The two superpowers were responsible for the separation and behavior of Korean inhabitants.After various attempts of attacks from North Korea on June 25, 1950, North Korean troops attacked South Korea by surprise (Introduction to the Korean War (1950–1953). North Korea was able to attack without much resistance since there were no warnings. Within thirty-six hours, North Korean tanks had reached the capital city of South Korea, Seoul (Introduction to the Korean War (1950–1953). The United States reacted to the surprise attack from North Korea in a great speed and determination, along with destruction. According to Asia Pacific Journal, US Air Force estimated North Korea’s destruction as a greater damage than the one done in Japan. American planes dropped 635,000 tons of bombs on North Korea, leading to various death and destructions in livestock, storages of seeds, schools, hospitals and etc… In addition, agriculture was devastated and with that, it’s supplies of food raising famine on the civilians. As in for South Korea, many were raped or captured,  houses were taken, the utilization of tanks and other weapons were used in Seoul and aircrafts fire were used to burn the villages resulting in plenty of deaths and damages.  Bill Shinn said,”As the sounds of guns could be heard closer and closer, rows of refugees and wounded South Korean soldiers were streaming into Seoul … Amidst this panicky situation, many Koreans—young and old, men and women—began fleeing southward carrying their meager belongings on their heads or backs.”Both South and North Korea used their utmost resulting in a  great physical damage, as well as both showed their good and evil side in the Korean War. The US and USSR counter attacks were a turning point of Korea’s devastation. Another factor that represents the damage that US and USSR have done in Korea was the number of deaths. As the US and UN fought against the North Korea; supported by USSR and China, they were losing due to the North Korean advance and surprise attack. North Korean entered into South Korea full of potential by capturing people, raping, using tanks, air force to fire villages and shooting thousands of people. By the end of the month, half of the South Korean army was destroyed and by early August, Americans and South Korean forces had been pushed to Busan (Introduction to the Korean War (1950–1953). According to CNN, South Korean deaths were of 217,00 military and 1,000,000 civilians, along with the American deaths that were reported as 54,246 until discovered that 7,747 American soldiers still unaccounted. However, with all the help used, U.S was able to overcome in the war. According to Newsweek, U.S. dropped 635,000 tons of explosives on North Korea, including 32,557 tons of napalm, an incendiary liquid that can clear forested areas and cause devastating burns to human skin. The U.S killed 20% of the population by targeting anything that was moving. In addition, U.S destroyed more cities in Korea than in Japan. North Korea was claimed to have 406,000 military and 600,000 civilian deaths, while China had 600,000 military deaths. Many witnesses losing members of their families, their houses and jobs. US and USSR fought each other as a will to fight, despite the losses. However, after this long and a destructive war between both antagonist powers, North Korea finally agreed to sign a peace treaty and declare the end of the war. The Korean War was the first armed confrontation of the Cold War in which the US and the USSR measured their forces, without caring about the damage that could be caused by their intervention to the Korean people.

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