The 1960’s was an important decade in the United States that changed the views and thoughts of many Americans. From the Cuban Missile Crisis to voting rights to the first man on the moon; equality, politics, and technology were constantly changing and Americans had more say on the topics of the country and the decade. In 1961, the USSR tested the Tsar Bomba. This was the largest atomic bomb ever. This was important to U.S. history because this was during the Cold War. The Cold War was an arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union. The Tsar Bomba was too big to even fit inside the largest plane, a 50 megaton bomb, it reached 24 miles up in the air and if it was dropped on a city it would have caused 3,333 times more damage than Hiroshima. For a nation to have as much power as the Tsar Bomba could give, that would shake the other nations to their core. The United States was involved with the USSR and could’ve made a fateful decision that would’ve prompted the USSR to drop the Tsar Bomba on them. In 1963, there was a march on Washington. This was a march for the civil rights for African Americans in front of the Lincoln Memorial. One speaker at the march was Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. This man led a speech titled “I Have a Dream”, this speech would become one of the most recognized events for the civil rights movement. It wasn’t just African Americans that followed Dr. King, whites, and hispanics also agreed with his view on civil rights. Martin Luther King Jr. fought for equality and for any colored person to be recognized for themselves instead of their skin color. This speech helped bring attention to the unfair treatment of African Americans, and the need for equality. King would later on win the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 for his nonviolent fight against racial prejudice. King also helped pass the Voting Rights Act in 1965. Along with civil rights reforms, there were many reforms in the school system. One court case was Tinker v.s Des Moines in 1969. This case was about a couple of students who wore black armbands to protest war in Vietnam. The school banned the armbands and suspended the students until they would come back to school not wearing the bands. The students kept fighting until, eventually, the case made it to the supreme court which ruled that students do not “shed their constitutional rights to freedom of speech or expression at the schoolhouse gate.” This was an important moment in United States history because students won the right to express themselves and their views without school intervention. The rise of the Berlin Wall in 1961 was an important event in United States history because it was a symbol of communist power. The United States was trying to contain communism, but the Berlin Wall prevented the Berliner’s freedom. In order to help the Berliners the U.S. air lifted over 2.3 million tons of food and fuel. From trying to climb the wall to fighting for their freedom, the rise of the wall changed Berliner’s lives. And although it took 28 years, the Berlin Wall was eventually torn down in 1989. During the 60’s the hippie movement broke out. Hippies were against the Vietnam War and the traditionalist views of how young people should think and act. Some writers such as Allen Ginsberg and Kerouac wrote against America’s social order. The hippie movement was crucial to American history because it was one of the few times a generation questioned the world. This movement bettered the United States because the U.S. stands for freedom of speech and thought. The hippie movement was the epitome of free thought and “doing what you want”.