Turkey Nations High Commissioner for Refugees transfers those people

Turkey and Its International obligations in refugee protection-Abstract-Despite the fact that Turkey is a signatory to the 1951 geneva convention about rights of refugees it delivers its protection only to those who seek refuge from european countries,By this means, non-European refugees are granted the status of “temporary asylum”Until United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees transfers those people to a third country. There are conflicts In national Turkish law and international law caused by plurality of asylum authorities and also complex approaches meant to figure refugees asylum requests.Turkey has recently undertake a change to revamp its asylum regime,With that the intention is to maintain better protection for refugees in respect to the human rights ¬†standards. Turkish Government’s asylum regime still giving a rise to concerns and suspicions meanwhile ensuring the protections of refugees.introductionIt should be known that the concept of “refuge in other countries” is based on a historical background. In this direction its important to mention that a “refugee” means that a person who has to leave their home and unable to return their countries because of having fear of being persecuted caused by reasons of war, race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion. Asylum and the concept of refugees has existed for at least 3,500 years.By the 20th century, the world was faced with massive immigration movements. The situation of asylum appeared in the face of mankind in the form of a much larger problem. Particularly during the two major world wars and the international conflicts created problems on countries that receiving immigration concerning political, economic, cultural and most importantly the basic human rights problems for refugees. With millions of people moving to other countries, especially the rapid increase in the number of people who were forced to leave their countries after World War II left the United Nations responsible for bringing a fundamental solution to the problem. The Geneva Convention, which regulates the legal status of refugees and the political, economic and cultural responsibilities of the countries to which refugees are directed, was created in 1951 and entered into force on 22 April 1954.Legal frameworkThe 1951 Convention has been signed by Turkey but entered into force in 1961. Moreover, The 1961 Convention has been adopted with a geographical limitation “not to accept refugees from outside Europe” Although the additional protocol removed the right to make reservation, The right of the countries which signed the contract with reservation are preserved. For this reason, today, proponents of human rights are still subject to criticism Although Turkey is a party to the contract with a geographical reservation. Due to Turkey’s geographical limitation those who are seeking refuge are defined as “conditional refugees” However, it should be noted, recognizes the drawbacks of this contract have been put refugees in Turkey; non-discrimination, freedom of religion, easy application to the courts, and the inability to expel them to the countries at risk of persecution; it does not allow deprivation of other fundamental rights. What is essential in applying for asylum in a country is that international protection must be provided to the individual concerned, provided that the conditions that force the asylum seeker to leave his country are based on reasonable grounds, the person claiming asylum is considered to be unable to return to a country where life and liberty are assumed to be endangered.Turkey’s geographical position has been a major point of refuge throughout history. Especially since the late eighties, Iran-Iraq, due to the Gulf War and other civil wars in the Middle East Turkey’s eastern border has undergone the influx of refugees, The civil war in Syria, which started in 2011, led to the migration of the Syrians fleeing the war zones to various countries. Syrians placed in camps set up in Turkey’s border province, a significant part of Syrians moved to the big cities. The number of Syrian refugees in Turkey, which recorded approximately 3 million. 356 thousand of them were born in Turkey and are described as “stateless” Syrian children. Since 2013 Turkey’s first NGO the Association for Solidarity with Asylum Seekers and Migrants(ASAM) has been partners with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees(UNHCR) in helping refugees such as registering and settling people into refugee camps. Furthermore, Turkish government wanted to find solutionTurkish Parliament adopted the Law on Foreigners and International Protection (LRIP), in April 2013, The new law went into effect in April 2014. The new law made a number of changes to the asylum system in Turkey, mainly with regard to legal procedures and bureaucracy. The ultimate character of the system, however, has not changed. The geographical limitation remains in place under the new law, leaving most refugees with no long-term solution in Turkey. The purpose of the law is to regulate the procedures on foreigners mobility. the “temporary protection” procedures directed at Syrian refugees have further complicated Turkey’s asylum terrain. That protection is a statue developed to ensure the protection of those who are forced to emigrate as a result of urgent incidents that are unforeseeable and that are due to an urgent situation.¬†Syrian refugees are neither registered by the UN Refugee Agency nor offered “conditional refugee” status by Turkey. Instead, the Turkish state grants them “temporary protection” which provides them access to public services such as education and health care. Temporary protection, according to UNHCR, is a tool of international protection and a reflection of the practice of States offering sanctuary to those fleeing humanitarian crises. ¬†

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