What Liquid is Most Effective to Lima Beans?Life ScienceBy: Gabrielle Goldstein_________________________________Signature of Sponsoring Teacher__________________________________Signature of School Science Fair Coordinator Teacher Gabrielle Goldstein 640 W. Scott St.Chicago, IL 60610Grade 7Table of ContentsPage 2……………………………………………………………AcknowledgmentsPage 3………………………………….………………Procedure and HypothesisPage 4-6………………………………………………………..Review of LiteraturePage 7……………………………………………………..Methods and Materials Page 8……………………………………………………………..………ResultsPage 9………………………………………Reflection, Application and conclusionPage 10-12………………………………….……………………………. Work citedAcknowledgementsAfter doing this project, there are many people I would like to thank. I would like to thank my mother and father for buying the materials I needed for my project. Lastly, I would like to thank my sister for her moral support and her push to keep me moving forward through the projects. Purpose & HypothesisThe purpose of my experiment is to find out which liquid works best for Lima beans. For my experiment I used many different liquids including the following: orange juice, 1% milk, coca cola, black tea, green tea, tap water and I believed that this might be helpful to someone growing any plant so they now exactly what liquid they should really be using and which will help their plant grow the best. I believed that green tea would be most effective for the Lima Beans because it has lots of nutrients, many natural herbs and is healthy in general (Rees, 2017). After doing the experiment I found that my results were inconclusive meaning that, the plants did not fully grow. The best liquid was actually none because my results were inconclusive, none of my plants grew.Review of LiteratureIn my research I found many things, one thing I learned was a lima beans background and how to grow them. Grow This article says that Lima Beans at least 65 degrees fahrenheit to grow in. They need about one to 5 inches deep to begin growing. Lima beans or any plant go through a process called photosynthesis which is turning all sunlight and water into food, sugar(Tisdale, 2017) . Lima Beans are named after a place in Peru called Lima, Peru. They have been eaten since around 6000 BC and were grown by the Native Americans before the English even arrived(Weinblatt, 2017)Next I researched orange juice, which is one of the liquids I used in my science project. Orange juice is bad for plants because too much sugar can absorb the plant’s roots and can kill it. Although there is lots of citrus in orange juice(Teachers Vision, 2017)., which is good for plants, there are also many of activities in orange juice which kills the roots of the plants and it dies from there. (Weinblatt,2017)Coca Cola was also used to water the Lima beans, Gardening Know how states “Sugary soda pops are not the most ideal choices for use as fertilizer. Just like salt, sugar prevents plants from absorbing the water — not what we’re looking for. However, plain carbonated water introduced for a short period of time does encourage plant growth over the use of tap water. Club soda or carbonated water contains the macronutrients carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, phosphorous, potassium sulfur, and sodium that are essential for healthy plant growth. The absorption of these nutrients encourages more rapid growth in the plant.(Grant, 2017)” This shows that soda is not the best liquid to use because like orange juice, it absorbs the soil and really stops growth.Another liquid I have used for my project was black tea, black tea is very good for plants overall, it has many anti-fungal fungal properties. It also lowers chances of plants getting any diseases. It makes roots stronger.(Shacket,2017) Black tea is also a good fertilizer for some plants. It also cleans out the soil for the plant you are growing.(Reese,2017)In this project I also used Green Tea, on Hunker.com, it says that “green tea is good for plants.When added to soil, green tea contributes to the overall health of a plant.”(Snow, 2017) There is also many herbs included and they have many vitamins. Like black tea, the tea bags are very good fertilizers and can make the roots stronger and healthier.(Shacket,2017) Another liquid used was 1% milk. It was found that milk has a good amount of calcium for the soil. Although, it causes lots of bacteria to form and also is not very easy for plants to absorb. It was found that it is not a good liquid to grow plants in. Milk can also absorb the roots of the plants. It is overall, a very bad liquid to use for plants (allsciencefairprojects.com, 2017) Tap water was also used in my experiment. This is an okay liquid for plants because it is not completely natural because it may include rust or anything else in your sink. This water will still be good for plants to absorb because it is cleaner and does not include sugars or acids (Professor’s House, 2017).Lastly, I used distilled water. Distilled water is one of the best waters for plants because it is purified and has little to no chemicals. Water kills chemicals like chlorine and distilled water is pure and filtered. Also, the hardness of the water can greatly affect a liquids health whereas, distilled is soft and has good minerals for the plant ( Professor’s House, 2017)Methods, Materials and Procedure The materials of this project were coca cola, 1% milk, orange juice, green tea, black tea, distilled water, tap water, one controlled without water, clay pots, soil, camera, paper, pencil and Lima beans. Each drink would be an independent variable because each drink will decide how the Lima bean grows (Carpstone, 2017). The dependent variable is the Lima bean because it depends on the liquid and soil, to grow. The soil is an independent variable because it helps the lima bean grow. Below i have written my procedure; first, I bought all of the materials listed above. I then put equal amounts of soil into each pot and stuck the Lima beans 1-2 inches below the surface(Carberry, 2017). Each week pour 1 cup of each liquid including the into the designated plant for that liquid and leave one of the pots with no liquid (the controlled variable) . Take pictures each day. Record results and then see which germinated and grew the tallest.ResultsMy hypothesis was inconclusive, I found that no drink appeared to be the best because none of my plants really grew. I did find some effects to each liquid though, with the orange juice, mold grew on the surface of the soil and the coke soaked up the soil. This pie chart below shows the percentages of what each plant did. As you can see about 63 percent had no physical change and 25 percent had only mold and about 13 percent had less soil than when first started.ConclusionIn conclusion, my hypothesis was neither right or wrong but inconclusive. My plants did not grow enough to be able to measure the height of them. Instead they had certain effects including mold growing or less soil in the pots.ApplicationThis applies to the real world because it is about plants. This could be useful to someone because it could help someone when growing their plants so that they know specifically what liquid should be used on their plants. For example, throughout my research, I learned that tap water is not good for plants because it is not pure and has chemicals that could kill plants(Mercola, 2017).ReflectionIf I could redo this experiment I believe that I would try to give them more sunlight. I would also start my project earlier so I could actually see them grow. Overall, I feel that I did a great job of measuring the soil and how much liquid i poured into each pot.Work Cited All-science-fair-projects.com. (2017). Science Fair Projects – Effect of milk on plant growth. online Available at: http://www.all-science-fair-projects.com/print_project_1240_50 Accessed 15 Nov. 2017.Carberry, A. (2017). How to Grow Lima Beans. wikiHow. Retrieved 19 November 2017, from https://www.wikihow.com/Grow-Lima-BeansMailOnline, G. R. (2014, April 28). Want your plants to bloom? Give them a nice cup of tea… with a glass of milk to follow! Some very surprising tips every gardener should know. Retrieved November 15, 2017, from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/gardening/article-2614575/Want-plants-bloom-Give-nice-cup-tea-glass-milk-follow-Some-surprising-tips-gardener-know.htmlThis article is about people trying to use tea on their gardens, it worked out successfully for each person and their results are shown.Mercola, J. (2017). What Are Lima Beans Good For? – Mercola.com. online Mercola.com. Available at: http://foodfacts.mercola.com/lima-beans.html Accessed 19 Nov. 2017. Professor’s House. (2017). Watering Plants with Distilled Water. online Available at: https://www.professorshouse.com/watering-plants-with-distilled-water/ Accessed 17 Nov. 2017. Shacket, Sara. “Tea Happiness.” Tea Happiness, 25 Oct. 2017, www.tea-happiness.com/2011/03/uses-for-leftover-tea.html.Snow, A. (2017, July 17). Is Green Tea Good for Plants? | Hunker. Retrieved November 15, 2017, from https://www.hunker.com/13404730/is-green-tea-good-for-plantsThis article explains all the health benefits of green tea on plants. Sugary soda pops are not the most ideal choices for use as fertilizer. Just like salt, sugar prevents plants from absorbing the water — not what we’re looking for. However, plain carbonated water introduced for a short period of time does encourage plant growth over the use of tap water. Club soda or carbonated water contains the macronutrients carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, phosphorous, potassium sulfur, and sodium that are essential for healthy plant growth. The absorption of these nutrients encourages more rapid growth in the plant. Grant, A. (2017). Soda Pop On Plants – Effects Of Soda On Plant Growth. online Gardening Know How. Available at: https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/garden-how-to/soil-fertilizers/using-soda-on-plants.htm Accessed 17 Nov. 2017.TeacherVision. (2017). In Which Liquids Do Seeds Grow Best?-A Botany Experiment. online Available at: https://www.teachervision.com/seeds-pollination/which-liquids-do-seeds-grow-best Accessed 20 Nov. 2017.Tisdale, K. (2017). How Does Soda Affect the Growth of a Lima Bean Plant?. online prezi.com. Available at: https://prezi.com/uts3rarlqmto/how-does-soda-affect-the-growth-of-a-lima-bean-plant/ Accessed 15 Nov. 2017.Variables, Materials, Procedure. (2017). Capstone Project. Retrieved 20 November 2017, from https://camillescapstone.weebly.com/variables-materials-procedure.htmlWeinblatt, V. (n.d.). Facts on the Lima Bean Plant. Retrieved November 15, 2017, from http://homeguides.sfgate.com/lima-bean-plant-55939.htmlThis article is about how to grow lima beans what is best for them.